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Chironius flavopictus (WERNER, 1909)

IUCN Red List - Chironius flavopictus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Sipo 
SynonymHerpetodryas carinatus var. flavopicta WERNER 1909: 220
Chironius flavopictus — PETERS 1960: 511
Chironius flavopictus — MIYATA 1982: 16
Chironius carinatus flavopictus — DIXON et al. 1993: 77
Chironius flavopictus — HOLLIS 2006
Chironius flavopictus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 160 
DistributionPanama, Costa Rica, W Colombia, Ecuador

Lectotype locality: Guayaquil, Ecuador.  
TypesLectotype: ZMH R 00651 (Hamburg), designated by Dixon et al. 1995: 78. 
CommentSynonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Max. total length: 175 cm

Habitat: Ch. carinatus flavopictus prefers evergreen rainforest while carinatus spixi inhabits dry forests and savannas (Dixon et al., 1993). Semi-arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018).

Distribution: Map: Dixon et al. 1993: 69 (incl. subspecies). 
  • Barquero-González, J.P., Stice, T.L., Gómez, G., & Monge-Nájera, J. 2020. Are tropical reptiles really declining? A six-year survey of snakes in a tropical coastal rainforest: role of prey and environment. Revista de Biología Tropical, 68(1): 336-343; doi:10.20944/preprints201908.0123.v1 - get paper here
  • Dixon J R; Wiest J A Jr; Cei J M 1993. Revision of the Neotropical snake genus Chironius Fitzinger (Serpentes, Colubridae). MUSEO REGIONALE DI SCIENZE NATURALI MONOGRAFIE (TURIN) 13 :1-280
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Hollis, J.L. 2006. Phylogenetics of the genus Chironius Fitzinger 1826 (Serpenes, Colubridae) based on morphology. Herpetologica 62 (4): 435-452 - get paper here
  • Miyata, K. 1982. A check list of the amphibians and reptiles of Ecuador, with a bibliography of Ecuadorian herpetology. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (54): 70 pp. - get paper here
  • Peters , J. A. 1960. The snakes of Ecuador; check list and key. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 122: 489-541 - get paper here
  • Pinto, M.A., Calderón, M.L., Medina, G.F. & Méndez, M.A. 2020. Herpetofauna from two municipalities of southwestern Colombia. Biota Colombiana 21(1): 41-57. DOI: 10.21068/c2020.v21n01a04 - get paper here
  • Ray, Julie M. and Patty Ruback 2015. Updated checklists of snakes for the provinces of Panamá and Panamá Oeste, Republic of Panama. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 168-188 - get paper here
  • Roberto, I. J. and Souza, A. R. 2020. Review of prey items recorded for snakes of the genus Chironius (Squamata, Colubridae), including the first record of Osteocephalus as prey. Herpetology Notes 13: 1-5. - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O., Echevarría, L.Y., Lobos, S.E., Venegas, P.J., Kok, P.J.R. 2018. Phylogeny, diversity and biogeography of Neotropical sipo snakes (Serpentes: Colubrinae: Chironius). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 130: 315-329 - get paper here
  • Von Saenger, Margaret and Julie M. Ray. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Chironius flavopictus (Sipo Keelback). Herpetological Review 47 (1): 83 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner,F. 1909. Über neue oder seltene Reptilien des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Jahrb. Hamb. wiss. Anst. suppl. 2 (Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hamb. 1908) 26: 205-247 - get paper here
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