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Chironius vincenti (BOULENGER, 1891)

IUCN Red List - Chironius vincenti - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Saint Vincent Coachwhip, San Vincent Racer 
SynonymHerpetodryas carinatus var. vincenti BOULENGER 1891: 355
Herpetodryas carinatus — GARMAN 1887: 284 (not of LINNAEUS)
Herpetodryas vincenti — BARBOUR 1914
Chironius carinatus (not of LINNAEUS) — NICEFORO MARIA 1942
Chironius vincenti — SCHWARTZ and THOMAS 1975
Chironius vincenti — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 594
Chironius vincenti — HOLLIS 2006
Chironius vincenti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 162 
DistributionLesser Antilles: St. Vincent

Type locality: St. Vincent.  
TypesLectotype: BMNH, BMNH 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: DIXON et al. 1993: 198. 
CommentHollis (2006) found that C. c. vincenti is nested within C. multiventris in her phylogenetic analysis.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyThis species is named after the island of St. Vincent. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1891. On reptiles, batrachians, and fishes from the lesser West Indies. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1891: 351-357. - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Henderson R W. Powell R. 1996. Chironius vincenti. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (635): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Henderson, R.W.; Sajdak, R.A. & Henderson,R.M. 1988. The rediscovery of the West Indian snake Chironius vincenti. Amphibia-Reptilia 9: 415-422 - get paper here
  • Hollis, J.L. 2006. Phylogenetics of the genus Chironius Fitzinger 1826 (Serpenes, Colubridae) based on morphology. Herpetologica 62 (4): 435-452 - get paper here
  • Roberto, I. J. and Souza, A. R. 2020. Review of prey items recorded for snakes of the genus Chironius (Squamata, Colubridae), including the first record of Osteocephalus as prey. Herpetology Notes 13: 1-5. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Torres-Carvajal, O., Echevarría, L.Y., Lobos, S.E., Venegas, P.J., Kok, P.J.R. 2018. Phylogeny, diversity and biogeography of Neotropical sipo snakes (Serpentes: Colubrinae: Chironius). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 130: 315-329 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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