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Chitra vandijki MCCORD & PRITCHARD, 2003

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Higher TaxaTrionychidae (Trionychinae), Trionychoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Myanmar Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle 
SynonymChitra vandijki MCCORD & PRITCHARD 2003
Chitra Indica — THEOBALD 1876: 27 (part.)
Gymnopus lineatus — THEOBALD 1876: 27 (part.)
Gymnopus indicus — BOULENGER 1889: 263 (part.)
Pelochelys cantorii — BOULENGER 1889: 263 (part.)
Pelochelys cumingii — BOULENGER 1889: 263 (part.)
Pelochelys bibronii — BOULENGER 1889: 263 (part.)
Trionyx indicus — BOULENGER 1889: 264 (part.)
Trionyx aegyptiacus var. indicus — BOULENGER 1889: 264 (part.)
Trionyx aegyptianus var. indicus — BOULENGER 1890: 16 (part.)
Trionyx (Gymnopus) bibroni — POPE 1935: 56 (part.)
Pelochelys poljakowii — POPE 1935: 56 (part.)
Trionyx indica — TAYLOR 1970: 152 (part.)
Trionyx aegyptiacus var. indica — TAYLOR 1970: 152 (part.)
Chitra burmanica JARTHANIN 2002 (nom. nud.)
Chitra vandijki — KUCHLING et al. 2004
Chitra vandijki — CHAN-ARD et al. 2015: 27
Chitra vandijki — TTWG 2021 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma), NW Thailand

Type locality: Khayansat Kone Village, Ayeyarwady River system, NE Myanmar.  
TypesHolotype: private collection, PCHP 7059 (PCH Pritchard, CRI = Chelonian Research Institute, Oviedo, Florida) 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS): (1) overall color: chocolate brown; (2) moderately complex midline (vertebral) carapacial pattern; (3) midline (vertebral) carapacial stripe absent; (4) simple radiating costal stripes; (5) paramedian neck stripes forming a bell-like pattern on anterior carapace absent; (6) neck stripes do not form a continuous light rim around carapace; (7) distinct pair of neck stripes present; (8) no dark speckling on “light” (head and neck) stripes; (9) anterior neck “V” divergence point on neck; (10) 3-4 forelimb lamellae; (11) no peri-orbital X pattern; (12) distinct peri-orbital ocelli present; (13) no (or partial) distinct naso-orbital triangular “figure”; (14) black dots present on chin pattern. [MCCORD & PRITCHARD (2002)] 
CommentThe holotype was actually obtained in the Ruili market, Yunnan, China.

Synonymy mostly after MCCORD & PRITCHARD 2003.

Habitat: freshwater (rivers and tributaries) 
EtymologyNamed in honour of Peter Paul van Dijk, Dutch zoologist. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the chelonians, rhynchocephalians, and crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Kuchling, G.; Win Ko Ko; Tint Lwin; Sein Aung Min; Khin Myo Myo, Thin Thin Khaing (II), Win Win Mar & Thin Thin Khaing (I) 2004. The softshell turtles and their exploitation at the upper Chindwin River, Myanmar: range extensions for Amyda cartilaginea, Chitra vandijki, and Nilssonia formosa. Salamandra 40 (3-4): 281-296 - get paper here
  • McCord, W. P., O. S. G. Pauwels, R. Bour, F. Chérot, J. B. Iverson, P. C. H. Pritchard, K. Thirakhupt, W. Kitimasak and T. Bundhitwongrut. 2003. Chitra burmanica sensu Jaruthanin, 2002 (Testudines: Trionychidae): An unavailable name. Hamadryad 27 (2):214-216 - get paper here
  • McCord, William P. and Peter C. H. Pritchard 2003. A review of the softshell turtles of the genus Chitra, with the description of new taxa from Myanmar and Indonesia (Java). Hamadryad 27 (1):11-56 [2002] - get paper here
  • Platt, S. G., Win, M. M., Platt, K., Haislip, N. A. and Rainwater, T. R. 2020. Aspects of the reproductive biology of Chitra vandijki with a description of neonates. Salamandra 56: 66-70. - get paper here
  • Platt, Steven G.; Tint Lwin, Naing Win, Htay Lin Aung, Kalyar Platt & Thomas R. Rainwater, Pp. 2017. An interview-based survey to determine the conservation status of Softshell Turtles (Reptilia: Trionychidae) in the Irrawaddy Dolphin Protected Area, Myanmar. JoTT 9 (12): 10998–11008 - get paper here
  • Pope, CLIFFORD H. 1935. The Reptiles of China. Turtes, Crocodilians, Snakes, Lizards. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., New York, Nat. Hist. Central Asia, 10: lii, 1-604 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1970. Turtles and crocodilians of Thailand and adjacent waters, with a synoptic herpetological bibliography. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 49: 87-179. - get paper here
  • Theobald,W. 1876. Descriptive catalogue of the reptiles of British India. Thacker, Spink & Co., Calcutta: xiii + 238 pp. - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • XIAOYOU, HONG; ZHU XINPING, CHEN CHEN, CAI XIAODAN, LI YONGMING & LI XINPING. 2022. Reproductive characteristics of the Burmese Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle, Chitra vandijki, in captivity. Amphib. Reptile Conserv. 16(2): 62–68. - get paper here
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