You are here » home advanced search search results Cnemaspis sisparensis

Cnemaspis sisparensis (THEOBALD, 1876)

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis sisparensis - Near Threatened, NT

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Cnemaspis sisparensis?

Add your own observation of
Cnemaspis sisparensis »

We have no photos, try to find some by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Sispara Day Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus maculatus BEDDOME 1870 (non G. maculatus STEINDACHNER 1867)
Gymnodactylus sisparensis THEOBALD 1876: 86 (nomen novum)
Gonatodes sisparensis – BOULENGER 1885: 66
Gonatodes bireticulatus ANNANDALE 1915: 344
Cnemaspis sisparensis — SMITH 1935: 69
Cnemaspis sisparensis — WERMUTH 1965: 17
Cnemaspis sisparensis — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) sisparensis — RÖSLER 2000: 63
Cnemaspis anaikattiensis MUKHERJEE et al. 2005
Cnemaspis anaikattiensis — MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007 
DistributionIndia (Nilghiri Hills, Kerala)

Type locality: Sholakal, near the bottom of the Sispara Ghat, Nilghiri Hills (fide WERMUTH 1965).

anaikattiensis: India (Tamil Nadu); Type locality: Anaikatti Hills (11°05’30.9’’ N and 76° 47’ 36.2’’ E), Western Ghats, Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu, India.

bireticulatus: India (Tamil Nadu); Type locality: Kavalai, 30 km east from Chalakudy, Thrissur district  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 74.4.29.383, ZSI 17970
Holotype: ZSI 25601, Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Kolkata. Adult male; collected by A.M.A. Nixon and Debanik Mukherjee, 17 September 2003. Paratype: ZSI 25602, female, data as holotype [anaikattiensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis sisparensis differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 42.7 mm; paired postmentals widely separated by two medial scales; each postmental bounded by 4 scales including medial scale; dorsal scales homogeneous, isolated and scattered; spine-like tubercles absent on flank; ventrals smooth, imbricate; supralabials to angle of jaws 7 or 8; no preanal pores, 7 or 8 femoral pores; subcaudals smooth; those on median series enlarged, with individual large scales alternating between pairs of smaller ones.

Diagnosis (anaikattiensis): C. anaikattiensis is diagnosable from its congeners by the following combination of characters: A large day gecko (SVL 61mm) with circular pupil, flanks without spine like tubercles, nostril in contact with the first supralabial, postmentals three pairs – scales of first pair separated by three small interscales, dorsal scales heterogeneous intermixed with enlarged tubercles, both dorsal and ventral scales of the body smooth, midventral scales in 26–27 row sand lamellae under IVth digit is 16 (MUKHERJEE et al. 2005). 
CommentSynonymy: the two types of C. anaikattiensis and the holotype of Gonatodes bireticulatus indicate that all three specimens are morphologically indistinguishable and are indeed the same species (Cyriac et al. 2020). C. anaikattiensis (superficially) appears similar to C. sisparensis and C. heteropholis of the Western Ghats. MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007 synonymized this species with C. sisparensis. 
References
  • Annandale, N. 1915. Herpetological notes and descriptions. Records of the Indian Museum 11: 341-347 - get paper here
  • Beddome, R. H. 1870. Descriptions of new reptiles from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci., 2: 169-176 [Reprint.: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 327-334, 1940]
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cyriac,V.P., Palot,M.J., Deuti,K. and Umesh,P.K. 2020. A preliminary 16S rRNA phylogeny of the Indian Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with the description of two new cryptic species from the C. wynadensis clade. Vertebrate Zoology 70 (2): 171-193; DOI: 10.26049/VZ70-2-2020-06 - get paper here
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Mukherjee, D.; Bhupathy, S.; Nixon, A.M.A. 2005. A new species of day gecko (Squamata, Gekkonidae, Cnemaspis) from the Anaikatti Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Current Science 89 (8): 1326-1328
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Theobald,W. 1876. Descriptive catalogue of the reptiles of British India. Thacker, Spink & Co., Calcutta: xiii + 238 pp. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

https://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Cnemaspis&species=sisparensis

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.



Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator