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Ctenophorus caudicinctus (GÜNTHER, 1875)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ring-tailed Bicycle-dragon, Ring-tailed Dragon 
SynonymGrammatophora caudicincta GÜNTHER 1875: 19
Amphibolurus imbricatus PETERS 1876: 529
Amphibolurus caudicinctus — BOULENGER 1885: 384
Amphibolurus imbricatus — BOULENGER 1885: 382
Amphibolurus caudicinctus — STERNFELD 1925: 232
Amphibolurus imbricatus — GLAUERT 1959
Amphibolurus caudicinctus mensarum STORR 1967: 51
Amphibolurus caudicinctus — COGGER 1983
Tachyon caudicinctus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 20
Tachyon mensarum — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 20
Ctenophorus caudicinctus — COGGER 2000: 310
Ctenophorus caudicinctus — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Ctenophorus caudicinctus — MELVILLE et al. 2016
Ctenophorus caudicinctus — CHAPPLE et al. 2019: 57 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia)

caudicinctus: Pilbara region and offshore islands, Western Australia

mensarum: Murchison and East Murchison Goldfields, Western Australia; Type locality: 5 mi S of Meekatharra, in 26° 40’ S, 118° 27’ E, Western Australia.

Type locality: Nickol (as Nicol) Bay, Western Australia

Type locality: Mermaid Strait, W. A. (as Nova Hollandia borealis, Meermaidstraat) [Amphibolurus imbricatus]  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.9.4.43
Syntypes: ZMB 8933 (2 specimens, at least in pretty bad shape) [Amphibolurus imbricatus]
Holotype: WAM R19486 [mensarum] 
CommentSubspecies: Melville et al. 2016 presented evidence that the subspecies caudicinctus, graafi, infans, and slateri could be considered valid (evolutionary) species although they “acknowledge that further work is required, particularly for C. slateri and C. graafi”. Melville et al. 2016 synonymized mensarum with caudicinctus.

Lifestyle: saxicolous.

Distribution: see map in Melville et al. 2016: 3 (Fig. 1). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chapple, David G.; Reid Tingley, Nicola J. Mitchell, Stewart L. Macdonald, J. Scott Keogh, Glenn M. Shea, Philip Bowles, Neil A. Cox, John C. Z. Woinarski 2019. The Action Plan for Australian Lizards and Snakes 2017. CSIRO, 663 pp. DOI: 10.1071/9781486309474 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Denzer, Wolfgang; Günther, Rainer; Manthey, Ulrich 1997. Annotated type catalogue of the Agamid lizards (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) in the Museum für Naturkunde der Humbolt-Universität zu Berlin (former Zoological Museum Berlin). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 73 (2): 309-332 - get paper here
  • Doody, J. Sean and Brendan Schembri. 2014. Ctenophorus caudicinctus (ring-tailed dragon) predation. Herpetological Review 45 (3): 494-495 - get paper here
  • Ellis, Ryan J. 2019. An annotated type catalogue of the dragon lizards (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae) in the collection of the Western Australian Museum. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34: 115–132 - get paper here
  • Even,Eddy 2005. Reptielen zoeken in Australië. Lacerta 63 (2): 48-65 - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1959. Herpetological Miscellanea. XI. Dragon Lizards of the Genus Amphibolurus. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (2): 42-51 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S.R. 2009. Notes on Reproduction of the Ring-tailed Bicycle-dragon, Ctenophorus caudicinctus (Squamata: Agamidae) from Australia Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 45(2): 25-27. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1875. A list of the saurians of Australia and New Zealand. Pp. 9-19. In: Richardson, J., and J. E. Gray. The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror, during the years 1839 to 1843. By authority of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. Vol. 2. E. W. Janson, London - get paper here
  • Licht, P., W.R. Dawson & V.H. Shoemaker 1966. Heat resistance of some Australian lizards Copeia 1966 (2): 162-169. - get paper here
  • Licht, P., W.R. Dawson, V.H. Shoemaker & A.R. Main 1966. Observations on the thermal relations of Western Australian lizards Copeia 1966 (1): 97-110. - get paper here
  • Melville, J., Haines, M. L., Hale, J., Chapple, S. and Ritchie, E. G. 2016. Concordance in phylogeography and ecological niche modelling identify dispersal corridors for reptiles in arid Australia. J. Biogeography, doi:10.1111/jbi.12739 - get paper here
  • Melville, Jane; Schulte, James A.; Larson, Allan 2001. A molecular phylogenetic study of ecological diversification in the Australian lizard genus Ctenophorus. Journal of Experimental Zoology: Molecular and Developmental Evolution 291(4): 339-353 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1876. Über die von S. M. S. Gazelle mitgebrachten Amphibien. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1876 (August):528-535 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Storr, G. M. 1967. Geographic races of the agamid lizard Amphibolurus caudicinctus. J R. Soc. West. Aust. 50: 49-56
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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