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Cynisca kraussi (PETERS, 1878)

IUCN Red List - Cynisca kraussi - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ghana Worm Lizard 
SynonymAmphisbaena kraussi PETERS 1878: 192
Cynisca kraussi — GANS 1967
Cynisca kraussi — BAUER et al. 1995: 67
Cynisca kraussi — GANS 2005: 28
Cynisca kausi — MEASEY & TOLLEY 2013: 105 (in error) 
DistributionSE Ghana (NW Ashanti)

Type locality: “Westafrika”.  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 9375, ZMUC R4470; two paralectotypes: SMNS 1346.a.-b. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Gans 1987: 43 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Christian Ferdinand Friedrich von Krauss (1812-1890), German collector, traveler, botanist andpharmacist who studied in Tübingen and Heidelberg. After traveling to South Africa he joined Staatliche Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart, becoming its Director (1856). 
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Gans C 1987. Studies on amphisbaenians (Reptilia). 7. The small round-headed species (Cynisca) from western Africa. American Museum Novitates (2896): 1-84 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1948. The Lizard Amphisbaena kraussi Rediscovered in the Gold CoastThe Lizard Amphisbaena kraussi Rediscovered in the Gold Coast. Copeia 1948 (3): 213-214 - get paper here
  • Measey, John & Krystal A. Tolley 2013. A molecular phylogeny for sub-Saharan amphisbaenians. African Journal of Herpetology 62 (2): 100-108 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1878. Über zwei Scincoiden aus Australien und eine neue Amphisbaena von Westafrika. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin. 1878 (November): 191-192 - get paper here
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