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Cyrtodactylus arunachalensis MIRZA, BHOSALE, ANSARI, PHANSALKAR, SWANT, GOWANDE & PATEL, 2021

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus arunachalensis MIRZA, BHOSALE, ANSARI, PHANSALKAR, SWANT, GOWANDE & PATEL 2021 
DistributionIndia (Arunachal Pradesh)

Type locality: Seijosa near Pakke Tiger Reserve, East Kameng District, Arunachal Pradesh (26.966819°N, 93.01332°E, elevation 179 m)  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. male, BNHS 2775, collected by Mandar Sawant, Pushkar Phansalkar, Harshal Bhosale and Zeeshan A. Mirza on 1 July 2019.
Paratypes. three males BNHS 2776 & NCBS NRC AA-0006–NRC-AA-0007, one female BNHS 2777, from the same locality collected on 3 July 2019. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Cyrtodactylus arunachalensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from members of the khasiensis group by its: moderate body size (SVL 64.9–81.7, mean 70.6); 8–11 supralabials; 8–10 infralabials; 24–26 rows of bluntly conical, feebly keeled dorsal tubercles; 50–60 paravertebral tubercles; ~38 ventral scales between ventrolateral folds; no precloacal groves; 6–10 precloacofemoral pores in a continuous series; three to four rows of enlarged scales below pored scales, slightly larger than pored scales; 10–16 distal subdigital lamellae on IV of pes; subcaudal scalation of original tail without enlarged plates.

Comparison. Molecular data for ND2 gene suggests that Cyrtodactylus arunachalensis sp. nov. is a member of the clade of species distributed south of Brahmaputra River (Agarwal et al. 2014) and is here compared with members of the clade. Intraspecific uncorrected pairwise sequence divergence (p-distance) for samples across the state in 0–5% and an interspecific divergence of 19–30% calculated for ND2 gene. Precloacal pores 6–10, and no femoral pores (vs. 10–28 in C. ayeyarwadyensis Bauer, 16–29 in C. gansi Bauer, 29–37 in C. tripuraensis Agarwal, Mahony, Giri, Chaitanya and Bauer, 14 in C. septentrionalis Agarwal, Mahony, Giri, Chaitanya and Bauer, 11–12 in C. jaintiaensis Agarwal, Mahony, Giri, Chaitanya and Bauer, 26–39 precloacofemoral pores in C. guwahatiensis Agarwal, Mahony, Giri, Chaitanya and Bauer); 24–26 dorsal tubercle rows (vs. 19–23 in C. khasiensis (Jerdon), 19–21 in C. tripuraensis Agarwal, Mahony, Giri, Chaitanya and Bauer, 16 in C. chrysopylos Bauer, 19–20 in C. jaintiaensis, 21–23 in C. montanus Agarwal, Mahony, Giri, Chaitanya and Bauer, 16–18 in C. nagalandensis Agarwal, Mahony, Giri, Chaitanya and Bauer); supralabials 8–11 (vs. 11–12 in C. kazirangaensis Agarwal, Mahony, Giri, Chaitanya and Bauer); 37–38 mid-ventral scale rows across belly (vs. 32–37 in C. ayeyarwadyensis, 30–34 in C. urbanus Purkayastha, Das, Bohra, Bauer & Agarwal, 41–49 in C. aunglini Grismer, Wood, Thura, Win, Grismer, Trueblood & Quah, 57 in C. myaleiktaung Wood, Thura, Win, Grismer, Trueblood & Quah); 50–57 paravertrbral tubercles (30–35 in C. guwahatiensis, 37–43 in C. kazirangaensis, 34–42 in C. khasiensis, 38–42 in C. septentrionalis, 37–40 in C. urbanus). 
CommentOnly minimal information provided as authors did not provide details upon request. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is refers to the state of Arunachal Pradesh in northeast India where the species was discovered. 
References
  • Mirza, Z. A., Bhosale, H., Ansari, F., Phansalkar, P., Sawant, M., Gowande, G., & Patel, H. 2021. A new species of geckos of the genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 from Arunachal Pradesh, India. Evolutionary Systematics, 5: 13 - get paper here
 
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