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Cyrtodactylus capreoloides RÖSLER, RICHARDS & GÜNTHER, 2007

IUCN Red List - Cyrtodactylus capreoloides - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus capreoloides RÖSLER, RICHARDS & GÜNTHER 2007
Cyrtodactylus capreoloides — OLIVER et al. 2012 
DistributionPapua New Guinea

Type locality: Seepage above Moro, 06° 22.099’ S, 143° 13’ E, 1000 m elevation, Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea.  
TypesHolotype: SAMA R62634, male adult. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis and comparisons. Distinguished from all other Melanesian Cyrtodactylus by the following unique suite of character states: moderate size (males to 78 mm, females to 84 mm); subcaudal scales much less than one-quarter transverse width of tail; mid-dorsal tubercles in approxi- mately 20–22 transverse rows; cephalic tubercles densely arranged in mid-dorsal region posterior to the orbitals; precloacal and femoral scales in a distinctly enlarged and continuous series; precloacal pores in broad and wide open chevron of 13–14; femoral pores in series ranging from 16 to 24, separate from precloacal pores and extending to knee; and dorsal pattern of 5–6 thin indistinct dorsal bands on light grey or buff background.

The set of characters given above will readily distin- guish adults and juveniles of Cyrtodactylus capreoloides from most other described Melanesian Cyrtodactylus. It can be distinguished from the two most closely related species (C. boreoclivus and C. medioclivus sp. n.) by the absence of transversely widened subcaudal scales (less than one-quar- ter transverse width of tail) (Fig. 3), smaller adult size (adult SVL <90 mm), and higher number of and much thinner transverse dorsal bands. Cyrtodactylus ‘Huon Penin- sula’ is also similar in outward appearance, but can be dis- tinguished by its smaller adult size (SVL 72 vs. 84 mm), wider head (HW⁄SVL 0.21 vs. 0.17–0.20), lower number of precloacal (11 vs. 13) and femoral pores (7 vs. 16–17), and enlarged precloacal scales separated from the cloaca by <10 rows of much smaller scales (Oliver & Richards in press).
Of the other species found on the southern slopes of the Central Cordillera in Southern Highlands Province, Cyrtodactylus novaeguineae is much larger (adult SVL gener- ally over 100 mm) and has enlarged ventral tubercles on the throat; Cyrtodactylus serratus is larger (adult SVL 139 mm), has serrate tubercles (vs. low and rounded) along the lateral fold and extends to the tip of the original tail (vs. at most half length of original tail); and Cyrtodacty- lus papuensis is smaller (maximum SVL < 65 mm), lacks femoral pores and enlarged femoral scales and has precloa- cal pores arranged in a narrow chevron [from OLIVER et al. 2012]. 
CommentSpecimens: only known from the holotype (OLIVER et al. 2012). 
Etymologynamed after Latin “capreolus” for roe deer in reference to the brownish colouration which resembles a roe deer in summer. 
  • Grismer, L. L., Wood, P. L., Poyarkov, N. A., Le, M. D., Kraus, F., Agarwal, I., ... & Grismer, J. L. 2021. Phylogenetic partitioning of the third-largest vertebrate genus in the world, Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Reptilia; Squamata; Gekkonidae) and its relevance to taxonomy and conservation. Vertebrate Zoology 71: 101–154 - get paper here
  • Kraus, Fred 2008. Taxonomic partitioning of Cyrtodactylus louisiadensis (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae) from Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa 1883: 1–27 - get paper here
  • Oliver, Paul M.; Stephen J. Richards, Mark Sistrom 2012. Phylogeny and systematics of Melanesia’s most diverse gecko lineage (Cyrtodactylus, Gekkonidae, Squamata). Zoologica Scripta 41: 437–454 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. & S. J. Richards & R. Günther 2007. Bemerkungen zur Morphologie und Taxonomie der östlich der Wallacea vorkommenden Geckos der Gattung Cyrtodactylus GRAY, 1827, mit Beschreibungen von zwei neuen Arten (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Salamandra 43 (4): 193-230 - get paper here
  • TRI, NGO VAN 2013. Cyrtodactylus dati, a new forest dwelling Bent-toed Gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3616 (2): 151–164 - get paper here
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