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Cyrtodactylus epiroticus KRAUS, 2008

IUCN Red List - Cyrtodactylus epiroticus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus epiroticus KRAUS 2008
Cyrtodactylus epiroticus — TALLOWIN et al. 2018 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (throughout the eastern margin of New Guinea from the Sarawaget Mts. of Morobe Province south through the Owen Stanley Mts. of the Papuan Peninsula to Milne Bay Province; D'Entrecasteaux Islands)

Type locality: 9.7 km NW summit Mt. Shungol, 6.79065ºS, 146.66535ºE, 320 m, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea.  
TypesHolotype: BPBM 18653 (field tag FK 8294), mature male, collected by F. Kraus, 15 October 2003. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A moderately large (88–134 mm) species of Cyrtodactylus having a single row of enlarged subcaudal scales; enlarged dorsal tubercles raised, keeled, ~3–4 times size of adjacent granules (Fig. 2A), in 26–35 rows; lateral tubercles distinct or not, ~2–3 times size of adjacent granules and same size as scales of lateral skin fold, which contain small tubercles; 31–45 midbelly scale rows; precloacal/femoral pores 60–82, in single continuous series; lamellae under fourth toe 23–29; head rather narrow (HW/HL = 0.62–0.69, mean 0.66); four or five dark dorsal bands between head and hindlimb insertion, of more-or-less even width, margined in black, with 6–9 tubercles sagitally through 3rd dark band; dark spots absent from light dorsal ground color; mouth and cloacal linings pink; ventral scales minutely stippled with black; posterior supralabials dirty white; and iris reddish brown.
CommentEcology. KRAUS (2008) found animals at night on the trunks of large trees and on saplings in primary or advanced secondary forest.

Sympatry: syntopic with Cyrtodactylus novaeguineae (Schlegel), Gekko vittatus, at least one undetermined species of Nactus, and N. vankampeni. 
EtymologyThe trivial epithet is a Greek masculine adjective meaning “continental” or “from the mainland” in reference to its distribution on the main island of New Guinea. 
  • GOLDBERG, S.R. 2022. Notes on reproduction of Cyrtodactylus epiroticus (Squamata: Gekkonidae), from Papua New Guinea. Sauria 44 (1): 61-62 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. L., Wood, P. L., Poyarkov, N. A., Le, M. D., Kraus, F., Agarwal, I., ... & Grismer, J. L. 2021. Phylogenetic partitioning of the third-largest vertebrate genus in the world, Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Reptilia; Squamata; Gekkonidae) and its relevance to taxonomy and conservation. Vertebrate Zoology 71: 101–154 - get paper here
  • Kraus, Fred 2008. Taxonomic partitioning of Cyrtodactylus louisiadensis (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae) from Papua New Guinea. Zootaxa 1883: 1–27 - get paper here
  • Tallowin, O. J. S., Tamar, K., Meiri, S., Allison, A., Kraus, F., Richards, S. J., & Oliver, P. M. 2018. Early insularity and subsequent mountain uplift were complementary drivers of diversification in a Melanesian lizard radiation (Gekkonidae: Cyrtodactylus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 125: 29–39 - get paper here
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