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Cyrtodactylus gubernatoris (ANNANDALE, 1913)

IUCN Red List - Cyrtodactylus gubernatoris - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Sikkimese bent-toed Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus gubernatoris ANNANDALE 1913: 317
Gymnodactylus gubernatoris — WERMUTH 1965: 53
Cyrtodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) gubernatoris — RÖSLER 2000: 66
Cyrtodactylus gubernatoris — AGARWAL et al. 2018 
DistributionIndia (West Bengal, Darjeeling)

Type locality: Sikhim, Himalayas, Darjeeling District (elevation: 1000-3000 feet).  
TypesHolotype: ZSI (ZSIK) 17275, ZSIK 17276 (paratype) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis and comparisons with regional congeners. A moderate sized Cyrtodactylus, snout-vent length to 70.5 mm; body relatively slender; limbs and digits moderately long; two pairs of well-developed postmentals, inner pair longer than outer and in broad contact behind mental; twenty or twenty-one rows of keeled, rounded dorsal tubercles; 36–45 paravertebral tubercles; 34–37 mid-body ventral scale rows; no precloacal groove; eight or nine precloacal pores in a single series on males and 7–9 smaller pores on females, 6–9 femoral pores on each side on males separated from precloacal pores by twelve or thirteen scales, femoral pores absent on females. Five to seven basal and 10–13 apical subdigital lamellae beneath Digit IV of pes, with two or three intervening rows of non- lamellar granular scales between basal and distal lamellae series. Subcaudal scalation of original tail without median series of paired enlarged plates. Dorsal pattern of six or seven paired transversely arranged small dark spots on trunk and sacrum, longitudinal markings on the neck. Original tail with approximately 12 dark bands (first five similar to dorsal spots), alternating with light brown bands proximally, and white bands distally beyond the 6th dark band.
Cyrtodactylus gubernatoris differs from the following regional congeners in having nine large precloacal pores separated by twelve or thirteen poreless scales from 6–9 femoral pores on males: C. ayeyarwadyensis, C. cayuensis, C. gansi, C. himalayicus, C. khasiensis, C. mandalayensis, C. markuscombaii, C. martinstolli and C. tamaiensis (PcFP series with <3 non pore-bearing scales); its smaller body size (max SVL 70.5 mm): C. russelli and C. slowinskii (SVL >90 mm); twenty or twenty-one DTR: C. fasciolatum (15–17 DTR). Cyrtodactylus gubernatoris is differentiated from the new species after their descriptions (from Agarwal et al. 2018: 339) 
CommentDistribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). 
  • AGARWAL, ISHAN; STEPHEN MAHONY, VARAD B. GIRI, R. CHAITANYA, AARON M. BAUER 2018. Six new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northeast India. Zootaxa 4524 (5): 501–535 - get paper here
  • AGARWAL, ISHAN; STEPHEN MAHONY, VARAD B. GIRI, R. CHAITANYA, AARON M. BAUER 2018. Two new species of bent toed geckos, Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Northeast India with comments on name-bearing types from the region. Zootaxa 4420 (3): 334-356 - get paper here
  • Annandale, N. 1913. The Indian geckos of the genus Gymnodactylus. Records of the Indian Museum 9: 309-326. - get paper here
  • Krysko, K. L.; Rehman, H. & Auffenberg, K. 2007. A new species of Cyrtopodion (Gekkonidae: Gekkoninae) from Pakistan. Herpetologica 63 (1): 100-113 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • NGO, VAN TRI 2013. Cyrtodactylus dati, a new forest dwelling Bent-toed Gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3616 (2): 151–164 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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