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Cyrtodactylus rubidus (BLYTH, 1861)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Red Bow-fingered Gecko, Andamans Bent-toed Gecko 
SynonymPuellula rubida BLYTH 1861: 109
Gecko tigris TYTLER 1864: 546 (nom. subst.) (fide WERMUTH 1965)
Puellula rubida — THEOBALD 1868: 32
Cyrtodactylus rubidus — STOLICZKA 1870: 165
Gymnodactylus rubidus — BOULENGER 1885: 45
Gymnodactylus rubidus — SMITH 1935: 54
Gymnodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) rubidus — WERMUTH 1965: 66
Cyrtodactylus rubidus — KLUGE 1993
Cyrtodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) rubidus — RÖSLER 2000: 67
Cyrtodactylus rubidus — CHANDRAMOULI 2020: 79 
DistributionIndia: Andaman I (Port Blair), Cocos Islands [Myanmar (= Burma)]

Type locality: Port Blair, Andaman Islands.  
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 6208–10 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cyrtodactylus rubidus is endemic to islands of the Andaman archipelago and is characterized by: moderate adult body size (SVL 48.59–56.75 mm); intensely tuberculate dorsum (13–15 transverse rows at midbody); 10–11 supralabials; nine infralabials; two elongate inner pair of post-mentals in broad contact with each other; two smaller, separated outer pair of postmentals; presence of a precloacal groove and up to six precloacal pores located around the precloacl groove in males; presence of four enlarged internasals; evident ventrolateral dermal folds; 38–40 transverse rows of juxtaposed ventrals (vs. imbricate in C. adleri and C. nicobaricus sp. nov.); 20– 23 transverse rows of rounded dorsal tubercles; two pairs of rounded post-cloacal spurs in males; 17–19 subdigital lamellae under the IV toe, of which the basal six are expanded; presence of a nuchal loop formed by post ocular streaks extending and joining at the nape and a dorsal colour pattern of 8–9 dark transverse bands on a dark grey to brown background (Chandramouli 2020).

Sexual dimorphism: Females lack the pale skin patch in the precloacal region and precloacal pores. Two small, rounded cloacal spurs located near the sides of the vent in males (Chandramouli 2020). 
  • Bauer, A.M. 2003. Descriptions of seven new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with a key to the species of Myanmar (Burma). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54: 463-498 - get paper here
  • Blyth,E. 1861. Proceedings of the Society. Report of the Curator. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal xxix [1860]: 87-115 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chandramouli, S. R. 2020. A review of the Gekkonid genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago with the description of two new species from the Nicobar Islands. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology 9 (1): 78-89 - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Grismer, L. L., Wood, P. L., Poyarkov, N. A., Le, M. D., Kraus, F., Agarwal, I., ... & Grismer, J. L. 2021. Phylogenetic partitioning of the third-largest vertebrate genus in the world, Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Reptilia; Squamata; Gekkonidae) and its relevance to taxonomy and conservation. Vertebrate Zoology 71: 101–154 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, W. 1987. Das Portrait: Cyrtodactylus rubidus (BLYTH). Sauria 9 (3): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Krysko, K. L.; Rehman, H. & Auffenberg, K. 2007. A new species of Cyrtopodion (Gekkonidae: Gekkoninae) from Pakistan. Herpetologica 63 (1): 100-113 - get paper here
  • Mohan, Ashwini Venkatanarayana 2020. An update to species distribution records of geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal. Herpetology Notes 13: 631-637 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Die postanale Beschuppung bei Cyrtodactylus GRAY 1827 und Cyrtopodion FITZINGER 1843 - funktionelle und taxonomische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 2: 154-207
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 134-228. - get paper here
  • Sumontha, M., Panitvong, N. & Deein, G. 2010. Cyrtodactylus auribalteatus (Squamata: Gekkonidae), a new cave- dwelling gecko from Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. Zootaxa 2370: 53–64 - get paper here
  • Theobald, William 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Birma, embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasserim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 10: 4-67. - get paper here
  • Tytler, R. C. 1865. Observations on a few species of geckos alive in the possession of the author. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 33 [1864]:535—548. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vogel, Gernot 2014. Die Andamanen – Ein wenig bekanntes Tierparadies. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (6): 44-55 - get paper here
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