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Cyrtodactylus triedrus (GÜNTHER, 1864)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Spotted Bow-finger Gecko, Spotted Ground Gecko, Spotted Bent-toed Gecko, Sri Lanka Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus triedrus GÜNTHER 1864: 113
Geckoella punctata GRAY 1867: 99 (fide SMITH 1935)
Gymnodactylus triedrus — FERGUSON 1877: 12
Gymnodactylus triedrus — BOULENGER 1885: 38
Gymnodactylus triedrus — SMITH 1935: 55
Gymnodactylus triedrus — TAYLOR 1953: 1535
Cyrtodactylus triedrus — UNDERWOOD 1954: 475
Gymnodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) triedrus — WERMUTH 1965: 68
Geckoella triedrus — KLUGE 1993
Cyrtodactylus triedrus — RÖSLER 2000: 172
Geckoella triedra — WICKRAMASINGHE & SOMAWEERA 2002
Geckoella triedra — SOMAWEERA & SOMAWEERA 2009
Geckoella triedrus — KARUNARATHNA & AMARASINGHE 2011
Cyrtodactylus (Geckoella) triedra — WOOD et al. 2012
Geckoella triedrus — AGARWAL & KARANTH 2015
Cyrtodactylus triedrus60046 
DistributionSri Lanka (highlands)

Type locality: Ceylon.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1866.1.22.6-8 (Syntypes), 1855.2.12.7 (type) 
CommentOriginal description in Amarasinghe et al. 2009.

Type species: Gymnodactylus triedrus GÜNTHER 1864 is the type species of the genus Geckoella GRAY 1867.

Synonymy: Wood et al. 2012 synonymized Geckoella with Cyrtodactylus, suggesting to maintain Geckoella as subgenus. 
  • Agarwal, Ishan; K. Praveen Karanth 2014. A phylogeny of the only ground-dwelling radiation of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata, Gekkonidae): diversification of Geckoella across peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 82: 193-199 - get paper here
  • Amarasinghe, A. A. T., A. M. Bauer, I. Ineich, J. Rudge, M. M. Bahir & D. E. Gabadage 2009. The original descriptions and figures of Sri Lankan gekkonid lizards (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Taprobanica 1 (2): 83-106
  • Botejue, W. Madhava S.; Jayantha Wattavidanage 2012. Herpetofaunal diversity and distribution in Kalugala proposed forest reserve, Western province of Sri Lanka. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 65-80(e38). - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • BRINGSØE, H. 2015. Das Porträt Cyrtodactylus triedrus GÜNTHER. Sauria 37 (1): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & De Silva, A. 2005. Photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers, 144 pp.
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Ferguson, W. 1877. Reptile fauna of Ceylon. Letter on a collection sent to the Colombo Museum. Herbert, Ceylon
  • Gray, J. E. 1867. On a new geckoid lizard from Ceylon. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1867: 98—99. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. L., Wood, P. L., Poyarkov, N. A., Le, M. D., Kraus, F., Agarwal, I., ... & Grismer, J. L. 2021. Phylogenetic partitioning of the third-largest vertebrate genus in the world, Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Reptilia; Squamata; Gekkonidae) and its relevance to taxonomy and conservation. Vertebrate Zoology 71: 101–154 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Janzen, P. 2011. Morningside, ein abgelegener Hotspot in Sri Lanka. Iguana Rundschreiben 24 (1): 5-11
  • JANZEN, P. 2021. Morningside – ein herpetologisches Highlight Sri Lankas. Sauria 43 (1): 9-37 - get paper here
  • Janzen, Peter and Malaka Bopage 2011. The herpetofauna of a small and unprotected patch of tropical rainforest in Morningside, Sri Lanka. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (2): 69-76 - get paper here
  • Krysko, K. L.; Rehman, H. & Auffenberg, K. 2007. A new species of Cyrtopodion (Gekkonidae: Gekkoninae) from Pakistan. Herpetologica 63 (1): 100-113 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Die postanale Beschuppung bei Cyrtodactylus GRAY 1827 und Cyrtopodion FITZINGER 1843 - funktionelle und taxonomische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 2: 154-207
  • Silva, Anslem de; Aaron M. Bauer, A. Drion, Alexandra Fabry, S. Goonawardena, Z. Hawke & V. Vanneck 2004. Otocryptis wiegmanni (Reptilia: Agamidae): A Gecko Predator at Nilgala Fire Savannah, Sri Lanka. Gekko 4 (1): 15-17
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Taylor, E.H. 1953. A review of the lizards of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (12): 1525-1585 - get paper here
  • Underwood, Garth 1954. On the classifcation and evolution of geckos. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 124 (3): 469-492
  • Wickramasinghe, Mendis & Ruchira Somaweera 2002. Distribution and Current Status of the Endemic Geckos of Sri Lanka. Gekko 3 (1): 2-13
  • Wood Jr, Perry L.; Matthew P. Heinicke, Todd R. Jackman, Aaron M. Bauer 2012. Phylogeny of bent-toed geckos (Cyrtodactylus) reveals a west to east pattern of diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65: 992–1003 - get paper here
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