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Cyrtopodion mansarulus (DUDA & SAHI, 1978)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Jammu bent-toed Gecko 
SynonymCyrtodactylus mansarulus DUDA & SAHI 1978
Cyrtodactylus mansarulus — DAS 1997
Cyrtodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) mansarulus — RÖSLER 2000: 66
Cyrtodactyus mamahirm — SHI & ZHAO 2010: 56 (nom. nud. in error)
Cyrtodactylus mansarulus — DE LISLE et al. 2013: 59
Cyrtopodion mansarulum — DE LISLE et al. 2013: 73
Cyrtopodion mansarulum — AGARWAL et al. 2014 
DistributionN India (Jammu)

Type locality: Jammu (Jammu & Kashmir state), India.  
TypesHolotype: JU (BJRG fide De Lisle et al. 2013, but not given in original description) 
DiagnosisThe original description of Cyrtopodion mansarulum (Duda & Sahi 1978) consists of a single paragraph (the entire paper was never published, Sahi pers. comm., cited in Agarwal et al. 2014); however, the authors did formally diagnose the species and the nomen is thus valid. The description from DUDA & SAHI 1978 reads as follows:

“A new sub-Shivalik species of ground gekkos, Cyrtodactylus mansarulus is described from Jammu (J & K state), India. The species falls in Smith's (1935) group I of essentially palearctic elements in Indian gekkos and is distinguishable from its closest relative C. kachhensis from the group in features, such  as: the number of scales across the belly (27-28); presence of distinct lateral abdominal fold from axilla to groin; pitted femoral scales (4-5) in addition to 7 preanal pores; and the colour pattern. All these characters also constitute the species diagnostic features. The paper also suggests a key to the various species of Cyrtodactylus recorded from J & K state." 
CommentAbundance: Apparently only known from the type description.

Size: not given in original description; not available fide S. Meiri (pers. comm., 17 Aug 2020).

Synonymy: Molecular data suggest that C. mansarulum may be conspecific with C. rohtasfortai, called the commonest sandstone gecko in Pakistan (Khan 2008b), in which case the name C. mansarulum (Duda & Sahi 1978) has priority (Agarwal et al. 2014). 
  • Agarwal, I., Bauer, A.M., Jackman, T.R. & Karanth, P. 2014. Cryptic species and Miocene diversification of Palaearctic naked-toed geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in the Indian dry zone. Zoologica Scripta DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12062 - get paper here
  • Duda P L; Sahi D N 1978. Cyrtodactylus mansarulus n. sp. from Jammu. INDIAN SCIENCE CONGRESS PROCEEDINGS 65(3)(C) 1978: 211.
  • Krysko, K. L.; Rehman, H. & Auffenberg, K. 2007. A new species of Cyrtopodion (Gekkonidae: Gekkoninae) from Pakistan. Herpetologica 63 (1): 100-113 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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