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Darevskia unisexualis (DAREVSKY, 1966)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia unisexualis - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Lacertini, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesG: Weissbauch-Felseneidechse 
SynonymLacerta "unisexualis" DAREVSKY 1966: 148
Lacerta saxicola defilippii — CHERNOV 1939
Lacerta unisexualis — DAREVSKY 1967
Lacerta unisexualis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Darevskia unisexualis — ARRIBAS 1997
Lacerta unisexualis — FU, MURPHY & DAREVSKY 2000
Archaeolacerta (Caucasilacerta) unisexualis — SINDACO et al. 2000
Lacerta unisexualis — SZCZERBAK 2003
Darevskia unisexualis — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) unisexualis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionArmenia (mountainland and Sevan Basin), N/E Turkey, S Republic of Georgia

Type locality: Achta, in the canyon of the Razdan River, Armenia, 1800 m elevation.  
Reproductionoviparous; parthenogenetic "species". Derived by hybridization of D. raddei and D. valentini (Murphy et al. 2000, Vergun et al. 2020).  
TypesHolotype: ZISP 17929 (also given as ZIAS, Zool. Inst., Academy of Science, Leningrad) 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.) 
EtymologyThe species name given by parthenogenetic method of reproduction. 
  • Arakelyan, Marine, Ruzanna Petrosyan, Cetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutas, Salih Hakan Durmus, Yahya Tayhan and Felix Danielyan. 2013. A skeletochronological study of parthenogenetic lizards of the genus Darevskia from Turkey. Acta Herpetologica 8 (2): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Arribas, O. J. 1999. Phylogeny and relationships of the mountain lizards of Europe and Near East (Archaeolacerta MERTENS, 1921, sensu lato) and their relationships among the eurasian lacertid radiation. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (1): 1-22 - get paper here
  • Badaeva TN, Malysheva DN, Korchagin VI, Ryskov AP 2008. Genetic Variation and De Novo Mutations in the Parthenogenetic Caucasian Rock Lizard Darevskia unisexualis. PLoS One 3 (7): e2730 - get paper here
  • BADER, T. & KOPECZKY, R. & RIEGLER, C. & WIELAND, F. 2016. Die Eidechsen Armeniens – Teil 1: Die Gattung Darevskia. Die Eidechse 27 (1): 1-14.
  • BOSCH, H. IN DEN 1995. Fortpflanzung von Lacerta unisexualis im Terrarium. Die Eidechse 6 (15): 6-8 - get paper here
  • Cicek, K., Candan, K., Yildirim, E., Kumultas, Y. and Ilgaz, C. 2020. Food composition of the unisexual lizard, Darevskia unisexualis (Darevsky, 1966) from northeastern Anatolia, Turkey. Russian Journal of Herpetology 27 (1): 59-62. - get paper here
  • Danielyan, Felix D., Marine Arakelyan and Ilona Stepanyan. 2008. Hybrids of Darevskia valentini, D. armeniaca and D. unisexualis from a sympatric population in Armenia. Amphibia-Reptilia 29 (4): 487-504 - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I. S. and Danielyan, F. D. 1968. Diploid and triploid progeny arising from natural mating of parthenogenetic Lacerta armeniaca and L. unisexualis with bisexual L. saxicola valentini. Journal of Herpetology 2: 65-69. - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I.S. 1966. Natural parthogenesis in a polymorphic group of Caucasian Rock lizards related to Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Journ. Ohio Herpetol. Soc.5 (4): 115-152 - get paper here
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Freitas, Susana; Sara Rocha, João Campos, Faraham Ahmadzadeh, Claudia Corti, Neftali Sillero, Çetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Marine Arakelyan, D. James Harris, Miguel A. Carretero 2016. Parthenogenesis through the ice ages: A biogeographic analysis of Caucasian rock lizards (genus Darevskia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 102: 117-127 - get paper here
  • Fu, J.; MURPHY R.W. & DAREVSKY,I.S. 2000. Divergence of the cytochrome b gene in the Lacerta raddei complex and its parthenogenetic daughter species: evidence for recent multiple origins. Copeia 2000 (2): 432-440 - get paper here
  • Fu, Jinzhong; MacCulloch, Ross D.; Murphy, Robert W.; Darevsky, Ilya S.; Kupriyanova, Larissa A. 1998. The parthenogentic rock lizard Lacerta unisexualis: An example of limited genetic polymorphism. Journal of Molecular Evolution 46: 127-130 - get paper here
  • Kupriyanova, L. A. 1994. Structure, localization and stability of chromosomes in karyotype evolution in lizards of the Lacertidae family. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 161-168 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549
  • Petrosyan, V.G.; O. N. Tokarskaya; D. N. Malysheva & A. P. Ryskov 2003. Quantitative Assessment of Gene Diversity and Between-Population Differentiation of Parthenogenetic Lizard of the Genus Darevskia Using Mini- and Microsatellite DNA Markers. Russian Journal of Genetics 39 (10): 1201–1207
  • Schmidtler J F; Eiselt, J; Darevsky I S 1994. Untersuchungen an Feldeidechsen (Lacerta-saxicola-Gruppe) in der östlichen Türkei: 3. Zwei neue parthogenetische Arten. Salamandra 30 (1): 55-70 - get paper here
  • Sillero, Neftalí; Claudia Corti & Miguel A. Carretero 2016. Home ranges of parthenogenetic and bisexual species in a community of Darevskia lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoology in the Middle East 62 (3): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Spangenberg, V., Arakelyan, M., Cioffi, M.d.B. et al. 2020. Cytogenetic mechanisms of unisexuality in rock lizards. Sci Rep 10: 8697 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tuniyev B.S., Tuniyev S.B., Avcı A., Ilgaz Ç. 2014. Herpetological studies in Eastern and North-Eastern Turkey. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 44–53. Резюме - get paper here
  • Tuniyev, B.S. & T.V. Petrova 2019. A new lizard species of the genus Darevskia Arribas, 1997 from Southern Armenia. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 323 (2): 136–148; doi:10.31610/trudyzin/2019.323.2.136 - get paper here
  • Vergun, Andrey A;<br />Girnyk, Anastasiya E;<br />Korchagin, Vitaly I;<br />Semyenova, Seraphima K;<br />Arakelyan, Marine S;<br />Danielyan, Felix D;<br />Murphy, Robert W;<br />Ryskov, Alexey P 2020. Origin, clonal diversity, and evolution of the parthenogenetic lizard Darevskia unisexualis. BMC Genomics 21, 351 (2020) - get paper here
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