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Deinagkistrodon acutus (GÜNTHER, 1888)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Chinese Moccasin, Hundred-pace viper, five-pacer viper
G: Chinesischer Kupferkopf, Chinesische Nasenotter
Chinese: 尖吻蝮 
SynonymHalys acutus GÜNTHER 1888: 171
Ancistrodon acutus BOULENGER 1896
Agkistrodon acutus — POPE 1935
Ancistrodon acutus — SMITH 1943: 501
Calloselasma acutus — BURGER 1971
Deinagkistrodon acutus — GLOYD 1979
Agkistrodon acutus — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Deinagkistrodon acutus — WELCH 1994: 53
Deinagkistrodon acutus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 301
Deinagkistrodon acutus — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Deinagkistrodon acutus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 213 
DistributionC/S Taiwan, China (from Zhejiang and Fujian west to Guizhou and SE Sichuan; Hupeh, Hunan, Chekiang, Fukien, Kwangtung),
N Vietnam (Yen Bai etc.), Laos ?

Type locality: Wusueh, Hupeh, China  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.19.56-58 (3) 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

Type species: Halys acutus GÜNTHER 1888: 171 is the type species of the genus Deinagkistrodon GLOYD 1979. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “acuere” = sharp, or “acutus” = sharpened, pointed, or “acumen” = tip, or “acus” = needle. 
References
  • Aeberhard, Roger 2014. Bemerkungen zur Naturbrut der Chinesischen Nasenotter, Deinagkistrodon acutus (Günther, 1888). Ophidia 8 (1): 23-32
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Burger, W. L. 1971. Genera of Pitvipers. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence, USA.
  • Chen, Y.; Zhang, D.; Jiang, K. & Wang, Z. 1992. Evaluation of Snake Venoms among Agkistrodon Species in China. Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 58-61 - get paper here
  • Deuve, J. 1961. Liste annotee des Serpents du Laos. Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Laos 1:5-32.
  • Eimermacher, T. 2016. Die Chinesische Nasenotter (Deinagkistrodon acutus): ein herpetologisches und kulturelles Phänomen. Reptilia 21 (120): 44-49
  • Fleck,J. 1987. Erst-Nachzucht von Agkistrodon acutus (GÜNTHER 1888) (Serpentes: Crotalidae). Salamandra 23 (4): 193-203 - get paper here
  • Gloyd, Howard K. 1979. A new generic name for the hundred-pace viper. Proc. BioI. Soc. Washington 91: 963-964 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
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  • Huang, S.; He, S.; Peng, Z.; Zhao, K. & Zhao, E. 2007. Molecular phylogeography of endangered sharp-snouted pitviper(Deinagkistrodon acutus; Reptilia, Viperidae) in Mainland China. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 942–952 - get paper here
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  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
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  • Wang, Y.M.; Wang, S.R.; Tsai, I.H. 2001. Serine protease isoforms of Deinagkistrodon acutus venom: cloning, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Biochemistry Journal 354(1):161-168
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