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Dendrelaphis grandoculis (BOULENGER, 1890)

IUCN Red List - Dendrelaphis grandoculis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Ahaetuliinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Large-eyed Bronzeback, Southern Bronzeback 
SynonymDendrophis grandoculis BOULENGER 1890: 337
Dendrophis grandoculis — BOULENGER 1894: 84
Dendrophis formosus grandoculis — MEISE & HENNIG 1932: 286 (fide SMITH 1943)
Ahaetulla grandoculis — SMITH 1943: 245
Dendrelaphis grandoculis — DAS 1996: 55
Dendrelaphis grandoculis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 217
Dendrelaphis grandoculis — AENGALS et al. 2022 
DistributionSW India (Western Ghats, south of the Goa gap, Travancore and Tinenvelly, Nilgiris, Wynad [fide WALL 1921: 157], Kerala).

Type locality: restricted to “Tinnevelly Hills, South India” (Meise & Henning 1932: 286)  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.1.23.28 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentBehavior: diurnal

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018) 
  • Aengals, R.; S.R. Ganesh, P.G.S. Sethy, J. Samson Kirubakaran, M. Ahamed Jerith, M. Satheeshkumar, A. Thanigaivel & Gernot Vogel 2022. FIRST CONFIRMED DISTRIBUTION RECORDS OF Dendrelaphis bifrenalis (BOULENGER, 1890) (REPTILIA: COLUBRIDAE) IN INDIA, WITH A REVISED KEY TO THE SOUTHERN INDIAN FORMS. Taprobanica 11 (1): 25-32
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • CHANDRAMOULI, S.R. & S.R. GANESH 2012. Neue Nachweise von Bronzenattern (Serpentes: Colubridae: Dendrelaphis) aus den zentralen Western Ghats Indiens und ein überarbeiteter Schlüssel zu den südindischen Formen. Sauria 34 (2): 59-62 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Kalki, Y. and Giri, A. 2020. Dendrelaphis grandoculis (large-eyed bronzeback tree snake). Diet. Herpetological Review 51: 141-142. - get paper here
  • Kalki, Y., Dholariya, P., Huizinga, R. and Giri, A. 2020. Dendrelaphis grandoculis (large-eyed bronzeback tree Snake). Reproduction and clutch size. Herpetological Review 51: 142 - get paper here
  • Meise,Wilhelm & HENNIG,Willi 1932. Die Schlangengattung Dendrophis. Zool. Anz. 99 (11/12): 273-297
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Praveen, V.P. & Muhamed Jaffer Palot 2017. Predation of Large-eyed Bronzeback Tree Snake (Dendrelaphis grandoculis) by the Common Vine Snake (Ahaetulla nasuta) at the Silent Valley National Park, Kerala. Zoo’s Print 32 (5): 24-26 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall. F. 1921. Remarks on the lndian species of Dendrophis and Dendrelaphis. Records of the Indian Museum 22: 151 - 162 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
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