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Dendrelaphis modestus BOULENGER, 1894

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Ahaetuliinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Gray Bronzeback, Striped Bronzeback
G: Gestreifte Bronzenatter 
SynonymDendrelaphis modestus BOULENGER 1894: 91
Dendrelaphis caudolineatus modestus — BRONGERSMA 1948: 308
Dendrelaphis caudolineatus modestus — SETIADI & HAMIDY 2006
Dendrelaphis modestus — VAN ROOIJEN & VOGEL 2012
Dendrelaphis modestus — DE LANG 2013
Dendrelaphis modestus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 219 
DistributionIndonesia (Bacan = Batjan, Halmahera, Morotai, Ternate).


Type locality: “Ternate” [Maluku, Indonesia].  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntype: BMNH 1946.1.6.65 
DiagnosisDescription. A species of the Dendrelaphis caudolineatus group, characterized by the combination of 1) absence of black longitudinal stripes; 2) absence of a pale ventrolateral line; 3) postocular stripe absent or rudimentarily present; 4) 180–197 ventrals (males), 183–195 ventrals (females); 5) 114–125 subcaudals; 6) relative tail-length 0.278–0.307; 7) 6–7 temporal scales on each side; 8) 9–11 infralabials on each side; 9) 3–5 scales touching the posterior borders of the parietal scales; 10) maximum total length males 101.0 cm, females 134.0 cm [VAN ROOIJEN & VOGEL 2012]. 
CommentSexual dimorphism. Females grow larger than males [VAN ROOIJEN & VOGEL 2012.

Behavior: diurnal

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018)

Distribution: Not in the Philippines fide Leviton et al. 2018, although reported from there, e.g. by Taylor 1922: 172. 
References
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L. D. 1948. Frogs and snakes from the island of Morotai (Moluccas).
  • Glässer-Trobisch, Andrea & Dietmar Trobisch 2021. Begegnungen mit Hydrosaurus & Co. in der Wallacea. Teil 3: Drachen im Vogelparadies – Halmahera. Sauria 43 (3): 23-46
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Lang, Ruud de 2013. The snakes of the Moluccas (Maluku), Indonesia. Edition Chimaira, 417 pp. - get paper here
  • ROOIJEN, JOHAN VAN & GERNOT VOGEL 2012. A revision of the taxonomy of Dendrelaphis caudolineatus (Gray, 1834) (Serpentes: Colubridae). Zootaxa 3272: 1–25 - get paper here
  • Setiadi, M. I. & A. Hamidy, 2006. Jenis-Jenis Herpetofauna di Pulau Halmahera. Kerjasama antara Pusat Studi Biodiversitas dan Konservasi Universitas Indonesia dan Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Puslit Biologi Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The snakes of the Philippine Islands. Manila (Bureau of Printing or Science), Monograph 16: 312 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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