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Diploderma zhaoermii (GAO & HOU, 2002)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesChinese: 汶川龙蜥 
SynonymJapalura zhaoermii GOA & HOU 2002
Japalura flaviceps — VOGT 1924: 338 (part.)
Japalura zhaoermii — MANTHEY et al. 2012
Diploderma zhaoermii — WANG et al. 2018 
DistributionChina (W Sichuan)

Type locality: Mianchi Town (31.35°N, 103.57°E), Wenchuan County, Sichuan Province, China, elevation 1,240 meters  
TypesHolotype: CIB 2001-GZF0001, an adult male. 25 August 2001; collected by GAO Zheng-fa, LIU Qing, and QIN Ai-min.
Allotype: CIB2001-GZF0002, an adult female. Collected date, locality, and collectors are the same as the holotype.
Paratypes: 3 males (CIB2001-GZF0003, CIP2001-GZF0005) and 2 females (CIB2001-GZF0006, CIB2001-GZF0007). Collected date, locality, and collectors are the same as the holotype; 2 sub-adults (CIB2001-GZF0008, CIB2001-GZF0009), collected by HOU Mian at the same locality on 14 August, 2001.
The holotype, allotype, and seven paratypes of the new species are preserved in the Herpetological Museum, Chengdu Institute of Biology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: The new species is related to Japalura flaviceps Barbour and Dunn, 1919. It differs from the latter in (1) rostral scale wide and low, usually bordered by five small scales along its upper margin, the median one larger (fig.1); (2) gular pouch of the male green; (3) generally eight black, radiated stripes around the eye, the four above the eye somewhat wider, the three below the eye slender, and the most wide one being posterior to the eye and obliquely extending to the posterior corner of the mouth; (4) top of head with several black or dark brown transverse bands; and (5) a brilliant yellow band along each side of the back, enclosing a series of about five (occasionally six) dark brown squarish blotches, usually without yellow centers. While in Japalura flaviceps (1) rostral scale bordered by five to seven small scales along iits upper margin, no larger median one; (2) gular pouch of the male dirty yellow; (3) no black radiated stripes around the eye; (4) top of head dusky brown, without black transverse bands; and (5) b arilliant yellow band along each side of the back, enclosing a series of about seven (occasionally six) irregular dark brown rhombs with yellow centers. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThis species is named tin honor of Professor Zhao Er-mi for (1930-2016) his studies on Chinese amphibians and reptiles and tireless in helping young herpetologists of China. See Zhao et al. 2017 and Adler 2017 for biographical details. 
  • Adler, K. 2017. Obituary: Ermi Zhao (1930-2016) and the modern development of herpetology in China. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 921-926 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • CALDERÓN-ESPINOSA, MARTHA LUCIA & GUIDO FABIAN MEDINA-RANGEL 2016. A new Lepidoblepharis lizard (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from the Colombian Guyana shield. . Zootaxa 4067 (2): 215–232 - get paper here
  • DENZER, WOLFGANG; ULRICH MANTHEY, PATRICK D CAMPBELL 2019. Catalogue of type specimens of the agamid lizard genus Japalura s. l. (Squamata: Agamidae: Draconinae). Zootaxa 4612 (1): 109-125 - get paper here
  • GOA, ZHENG-FA & M. HOU 2002. Description of a new Japalura species from western Sichuan Province, China [In Chinese]. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 21 (2): 3-5 - get paper here
  • Guo, P., F. J. Zhang, and Y. Y. Chen. 1999. Catalogue of type specimens of reptiles in the Herpetological Collections of Chengdu Institute of Biology,the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 43~47 - get paper here
  • Manthey U 2010. Agamid Lizards of Southern Asia. Draconinae 2 -Leiolepidinae. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 7b, Frankfurt, 168 pp.
  • MANTHEY, ULRICH; WOLFGANG DENZER, HOU MIAN & WANG XIAOHE 2012. Discovered in historical collections: Two new Japalura species (Squamata: Sauria: Agamidae) from Yulong Snow Mountains, Lijiang Prefecture, Yunnan, PR China. Zootaxa 3200: 27–48 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • WANG, Kai; , Ke JIANG, Gang PAN, Mian HOU, Cameron D. SILER and Jing CHE 2015. A New Species of Japalura (Squamata: Sauria: Agamidae) from Upper Lancang (Mekong) Valley of Eastern Tibet, China. Asian Herpetological Research 6 (3): 159–168 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jing Che, Simin Lin, V Deepak, Datta-Roy Aniruddha, Ke Jiang, Jieqiong Jin, Hongman Chen, Cameron D Siler; 2018. Multilocus phylogeny and revised classification for mountain dragons of the genus Japalura s.l. (Reptilia: Agamidae: Draconinae) from Asia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, , zly034, - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
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