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Dipsas albifrons (SAUVAGE, 1884)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Sauvage's Snail-eater
Portuguese: Come-Lesma, Dormideira, Dormideira-da-Ilha-da-Queimada-Grande, Quiriripitá 
SynonymDipsodomorus albifrons SAUVAGE 1884: 145
Leptognathus albifrons — BOULENGER 1896
Dipsas albifrons — MOCQUARD in DUMÉRIL & BOCOURT 1908: 897
Cochliophagus albifrons — IHERING 1911
Dipsas albifrons — AMARAL 1923
Dipsas albifrons cavalheiroi HOGE 1950 (fide PASSOS et al. 2005)
Dipsas albifrons — PASSOS et al. 2005
Dipsas albifrons — WALLACH et al. 2014: 230
Dipsas albifrons — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Mato Grosso, Espírito Santo, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais)

Type locality: “Brésil” [= Brazil].  
TypesLectotype: IBSP 17746 (Instituto Butantan) (previously Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris MNHN 6106), adult female, SVL 390 mm, TL 139 mm, collected by Ferry from Brazil (designated by PASSOS 2005). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Distinguished from all congeners by the combination of 15 dorsal scales rows; vertebral scale row not or slightly enlarged; maxillary teeth 11–15; pterigoyd short, toothless, not curved and lacking the quadrate process; hemipenis single; and dorsal pattern of irregular blotches extending less than half of length of interspaces.
CommentDistribution: Not in Paraguay (Cacciali et al. 2016: 300). See map in Nogueira et al. 2019.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
  • Bocourt, M. F. 1886. In A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv, 1-1012. In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amér Imprimerie Impériale, Paris, Vol. 3 - get paper here
  • Cicchi, P.J.P., M.A. Sena, D.M. Peccinini-Seale, and M.R. Duarte. 2007. Snakes from coastal islands of State of São Paulo,Southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica 17: 227–240 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira. 9(2): 121 – 214
  • Guedes, Thaís B.; Ricardo J. Sawaya, Alexander Zizka, Shawn Laffan, Søren Faurby, R. Alexander Pyron, Renato S. Bérnils, Martin Jansen, Paulo Passos, Ana L. C. Prudente, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, Henrique B. Braz, Cristiano de C. Nogueira, Alexandre 2017. Patterns, biases and prospects in the distribution and diversity of Neotropical snakes. Global Ecol Biogeogr 00:1–8 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Harvey, Michael B. 2008. New and Poorly Known Dipsas (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Northern South America. Herpetologica 64 (4): 422-451 - get paper here
  • Harvey, Michael B. and Dirk Embert 2008. Review of Bolivian Dipsas (Serpentes: Colubridae), with Comments on Other South American Species. Herpetological Monographs 22 (1): 54-105 - get paper here
  • Ihering, R. von 1911. As cobras do Brazil. Primeira parte. Rev. Mus. Paulista 8 (1910): 273-379 - get paper here
  • Mebert K., Passos P., Fernandes D.S., Entiauspe-Neto O.M., Alvez F.Q., Machado A.S., Lopes R.T. 2020. A new species of snail-eating snake, Dipsas Cope, 1860 (Serpentes: Colubridae: Dipsadinae), from the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. South American Journal of Herpetology 17 (1): 43–62 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo,<br />Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins,<br />Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz0, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisnero 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • PASSOS, PAULO; RONALDO FERNANDES & MARCOVAN PORTO 2005. Geographical variation and taxonomy of the snail-eating snake Dipsas albifrons (Sauvage, 1884), with comments on the systematic status of Dipsas albifrons cavalheiroi Hoge, 1950 (Serpentes: Colubridae: Dipsadinae). Zootaxa 1013: 19–34 - get paper here
  • Pizzatto, Lígia; Maurício Cantor, Juliana Lima de Oliveira, Otavio A.V. Marques, Vinicius Capovilla, and Marcio Martins 2008. Reproductive Ecology of Dipsadine Snakes, With Emphasis on South American Species. Herpetologica 64 (2): 168-179 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Dias, Iuri; Carlos Augusto Souza Costa, Mirco Solé, Antônio Jorge Suzart Argôlo 2018. Two new records of Dipsas albifrons (Sauvage, 1884) (Squamata: Dipsadidae) from Northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 77-80 - get paper here
  • Sauvage, H.-E. 1884. Sur quelques Reptiles de la collection du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle. Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris (7) 8: 142-146 - get paper here
  • Silva-Soares, T.; R.B. Ferreira; R.O.L. Salles; C.F.D. Rocha. 2011. Continental, insular and coastal marine reptiles from the municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 290-298 - get paper here
  • Silveira, Adriano Lima; Lucas Soares Vilas Boas Ribeiro, Tiago Teixeira Dornas, Taís Nogueira Fernandes 2018. New records of Dipsas albifrons (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) in the Atlantic Forest of Minas Gerais, Brazil, with morphological data. Herpetology Notes 11: 809-815 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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