Draco cornutus GÜNTHER, 1864
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Draco cornutus?
|Higher Taxa||Agamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)|
|Synonym||Draco cornutus GÜNTHER 1864: 125|
Draco cornutus — BOULENGER 1885: 258
Draco affinis BARTLETT 1895: 80 (non Draco affinis BAUMANN 1913)
Draco gracilis BARBOUR 1903: 59
Draco cornutus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 72
Draco gracilis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 73
Draco affinis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 88
Draco cornutus — TAYLOR 1922
Draco affinis — HENNIG 1936: 219 (?)
Draco spilopterus cornutus — HENNIG 1936: 183
Draco spilopterus cornutus — WERMUTH 1967: 53
Draco affinis — WERMUTH 1967: 46
Draco spilopterus cornutus — MANTHEY 1983
Draco cornutus — MUSTERS 1983
Draco cornutus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 175
Draco cornutus — MCGUIRE & KIEW 2001
Draco affinis — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Draco cornutus — MANTHEY 2008: 114
|Distribution||Indonesia (Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Natuna), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak)|
Type locality: Borneo.
affinis: Indonesia (Borneo); Type locality: Borneo
|Types||Holotype: MCZ R-6713|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. Species of small to moderate size (maximum snout-vent length 85 mm) ; nostril directed outward; series of enlarged, keeled scales forming a A-shaped figure on the snout; usually three median teeth in upper jaw; supralabials 8-10, smooth; a thornlike scale on thesupraciliaryedge; tympanum usually coverd with smooth skin; gular pouch without, lateral pouches with enlarged scales; males a n d females with a short nuchal crest; dorsals 140-177, smooth, subequal; usually six ribs in patagium; hindlimbs short (0.64-0.77 times the distance between the limbs); no caudal crest (Musters 1983: 19).|
More detailed description in Musters 1983: 19.
|Comment||Synonymy partly after WERMUTH 1967 and MANTHEY 2008. INGER (1983) synonymized D. cornutus with D. volans. Revalidated by HONDA et al. (1999). MUSTERS (1983) suspected that D. affinis may be a synonym of D. volans sumatranus which is now considered as a synonym of Draco palawanensis. Probably represents a junior synonym of D. cornutus (fide MCGUIRE & KIEW 2001). According to BARTLETT (1895) D. affinis is “similar to D. cornutus, but without large spine-like scale above the eye. Gular appendage very small, in females almost absent.”|
Distribution: listed for the Philippine islands by Taylor 1922: 114
The original description is available online (see link below).
According to Honda et al. (1999) male D. cornutus were invariably vivid green in dorsal ground color. Their patagium usually had a more or less reddish outer margin and a number of black spots that form a few oblique bands distally and several transverse bands proximally. However, some individuals lacked such reddish margin in the patagium. Male D. volans, on the other hand, were bronze or light brown in dorsal ground color with a light green patch confined to the head and neck. Their patagium was dark brown or black with white spots. Female D. cornutus were brownish tan in ground color. Their patagium usually had reddish margin and black spots similar to the conspecific males. Coloration of female D. volans was similar to that of conspecific males. In both taxa, ventral ground colors of males were bluish grey, whereas those of females were yellowish white or white. Gular pouch of male D. cornutus was greenish white with orange yellow distal tip and without black dots at the base. On the other hand, gular pouch of male D. volans was largely milky white, but with lemon yellow margin distally and black dots at the base.
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