Dryadosaura nordestina RODRIGUES, XAVIER FREIRE, MACHADO PELLEGRINO & SITES, 2005
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Dryadosaura nordestina?
|Higher Taxa||Gymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae s.l., Ecpleopodinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)|
|Synonym||Dryadosaura nordestina RODRIGUES, XAVIER FREIRE, MACHADO PELLEGRINO & SITES 2005|
|Distribution||Brazil (Paraiba, Bahia, Pernambuco)|
Type locality: João Pessoa (07°07’S, 34°52’W): state of Paraiba: Brazil
|Types||Holotype: MZUSP 60635, an adult male, collected by Miguel T. Rodrigues 6 September 1983.|
|Diagnosis||Definition of the genus Dryadosaura: Small gymnophthalmid with a robust and short head, elongate body and short, stout, pentadactyl limbs. Collar fold, ear opening and eyelid present. Frontonasal single; prefrontals, parietals and interparietals present; frontoparietals absent. Two pairs of chin shields and three supraoculars. Dorsal scales in transverse rows; anteriorly smooth, imbricate, rounded in the occipital region, becoming narrower, elongate and rectangular at the arm level; posterior to the arm, dorsal scales become progressively and irregularly mucronate, with lateral sides almost juxta- posed, keeled. Lateral scales of body about the same size as dorsals, smooth, rectangular, and laterally imbricate. Ventral scales smooth, juxtaposed or slightly imbricate, rectangular. Males with preanal and femoral pores; only preanal pores in females.|
For diagnostic morphological characters distinguishing Marinussaurus, Amapasaurus, Anotosaura, Arthrosaura, Colobosauroides, Dryadosaura,Ecpleopus, Kaieteurosaurus, Leposoma, and Pantepuisaurus see Table 2 in PELOSO et al. 2011.
Diagnosis (of species): Microteiid characterized by an elongate body, five toes and fingers, and short stout limbs. Collar fold, ear opening, and eyelid present. Frontonasal single; prefrontals, parietals and interparietals present; frontoparietals absent. Two pairs of chin shields; three supraoculars. Dorsal scales in 23–25 regular transversal rows; anteriorly smooth, becoming progressively hexagonal and mucronate; keeled at rump level. Lateral scales similar to dorsals, smooth, rectangular, lat- erally imbricate. Ventral scales smooth, juxtaposed or slightly imbricate, rectangular, in 15–17 rows; 26–33 scales around midbody. Infradigital lamellae mostly divided 6–9 in finger IV, and 13–16 in toe IV. Preanal and femoral pores number four and six, respectively, in males; 2-4 preanal pores in females.
|Comment||This specis and genus is most closely related to Anotosaura sp.|
Type species: Dryadosaura nordestina RODRIGUES et al. 2005 is the type species of the genus Dryadosaura RODRIGUES et al. 2005.
|Etymology||From the Greek Dryades, meaning ‘wood-land nymph’. This was the first name proposed (by Carl Philipp von Martius) for the biogeographical province of the Atlantic Forest. “Nordestina” referes to the type locality, the north-eastern part of Brazil.|
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