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Eirenis coronelloides (JAN, 1862)

IUCN Red List - Eirenis coronelloides - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymHomalosoma coronelloides JAN 1862
Contia coronelloides — CHERNOV 1948: 119 (pert.)
Eirenis coronelloides — SIVAN & WERNER 2003
Eirenis (Pediophis) coronelloides — NAGY et al. 2004
Eirenis coronelloides — SCHÄTTI & MONSCH 2004
Eirenis coronella coronelloides — GRUBER 2009
Eirenis coronelloides — WALLACH et al. 2014: 258 
DistributionIraq, Iran, Jordan, Syria, Turkey

Type locality: “Birecik (Urfa prov.), Turkey” by neotype designation by Sivan & Werner (2003).  
TypesNeotype: HUJ 21223, designated by SIVAN & WERNER (2003) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. An Eirenis with 15 scale rows, black collar and cross-bands, which differs from E. coronella in having fewer sub-caudals (males 41.0±3.0I against 53.6±4.89, females 36.6±2.49 against 49.3±4.62); and in having a black crown, a dark ventral stripe or both. 
CommentMinuscule species (ca. 25 cm max. total length)

Distribution: not in Egypt (S Levant), Israel fide MAHLOW et al. 2013. For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013. 
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1862. Enumerazione sistematico delle specie d'ofidi del gruppo Calamaridae. Arch. Zool., Anat. Fisiol., 2: 1-76. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 13. Livraison. [Homalosoma mite]. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Mahlow, Kristin; Frank Tillack, Josef Friedrich Schmidtler & Johannes Müller 2013. An annotated checklist, description and key to the dwarf snakes of the genus Eirenis Jan, 1863 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae), with special emphasis on the dentition. Vertebrate Zoology 63 (1): 41–85 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T., J.F. Schmidtler, U. Joger & M. Wink 2003. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten. Salamandra 39 (3-4): 149-168 - get paper here
  • Nilson, Göran; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani 2011. On the occurrence of Eirenis coronelloides (Jan, 1862) in western Iran (Reptilia: Colubridae). Zoology in the Middle East 54: 133-135 - get paper here
  • Rajabizadeh, M. 2017. Snakes of Iran. [in Farsi] Tehran: Iranshenasi, 496 pp. - get paper here
  • Schätti B. & Monsch, P. 2004. Systematics and phylogenetic relationships of Whip snakes (Hierophis Fitzinger) and Zamenis andreana Werner 1917 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubrinae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 111 (2): 239-256 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • Sivan, N. & Werner, Y.L. 2003. Revision of the middle-eastern dwarf-snakes commonly assigned to Eirenis coronella (Colubridae). Zoology in the Middle East 28: 39-59 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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