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Eirenis decemlineatus (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)

IUCN Red List - Eirenis decemlineatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: English common name not available
G: Zehnstreifen-Zwergnatter 
SynonymAblabes decem-lineatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 327
Eirenis collaris var. decemlineata — JAN 1866
Ablabes modestus var. decemlineata — BOETTGER 1880: 146
Contia decemlineata — WERNER 1898: 221
Contia decemlineata — WALL 1908: 800
Contia decemlineata — VENZMER 1919: 105
Contia decemlineata — CORKILL 1932
Contia decemlineata — BIRD 1936
Eirenis decemlineata — SCHMIDT 1939
Eirenis decemlineatus — MÜLLER 1978
Eirenis (Eoseirenis) decemlineatus — NAGY et al. 2004
Eirenis decemlineatus — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Eirenis decemlineatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 258
Eirenis decemlineatus — MEIRI et al. 2019 
Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Iran ?

Type locality: unknown (fide DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854)  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 3389 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Dorsal scales in 17 rows at midbody; frontal shield twice as long as wide; dorsal pattern of 2 pairs of thin, dark stripes running length of body onto tail, or dorsum uniform without distinct markings; no dark collar or nuchal bar. (Leviton et al. 1992) 
CommentType species: Ablabes decemlineatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854 is the type species of the subgenus Subgenus Eoseirenis Nagy, Schmidtler, Joger & Wink, 2003.

Distribution: For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013. 
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see]
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Berger-Dell'mour, H. 1986. Zur Herpetofauna des Golan [Syria]. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. in Wien (Ser. B) 87: 59-67. - get paper here
  • Bird, C. G. 1936. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in Asiatic Turkey with notes on a collection from the Vilayets of Adana, Gaziantep and Malatya. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 18: 257-281. - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Esterbauer, Hans 2015. Habitat- und Terrarienbeobachtungen an Zwergnattern der Gattung Eirenis aus Südwestsyrien. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (5): 34-41 - get paper here
  • Gruber, U. 2009. Die Schlangen Europas, 2. Aufl. Kosmos Naturführer, 266 pp.
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1866. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 15. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Khalaf, K.T. 1959. Reptiles of Iraq: with some notes on the amphibians. Ar-Rabitta Press, Baghdad 96 pp. - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Mahlow, Kristin; Frank Tillack, Josef Friedrich Schmidtler & Johannes Müller 2013. An annotated checklist, description and key to the dwarf snakes of the genus Eirenis Jan, 1863 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae), with special emphasis on the dentition. Vertebrate Zoology 63 (1): 41–85 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Amos Belmaker, Daniel Berkowic, Kesem Kazes, Erez Maza, Guy Bar-Oz and Roi Dor 2019. A checklist of Israeli land vertebrates. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1922. Reptilien aus Palästina - Nachtrag. Zool. Anz. 1/2 (54): 47-47
  • Nagy, Z.T., J.F. Schmidtler, U. Joger & M. Wink 2003. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten. Salamandra 39 (3-4): 149-168 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Schätti B. & Monsch, P. 2004. Systematics and phylogenetic relationships of Whip snakes (Hierophis Fitzinger) and Zamenis andreana Werner 1917 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubrinae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 111 (2): 239-256 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J. F., B. Göçmen, M. Z. Yildiz, B. Akman, D. Yalçinkaya & Z. T. Nagy 2009. Rediscoveryof the snake genus Eirenis on Cyprus (Reptilia: Colubridae). Salamandra 45 (1): 15-23 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J.J. & Schmidtler,J. F. 1978. Eine neue Zwergnatter aus der Türkei; mit einer Übersicht über die Gattung Eirenis (Colubridae,Rept.). Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 81: 383-400 - get paper here
  • SHWAYAT, SUHA N.; AHMAD M. DISI & ZUHAIR S. AMR 2009. Snakes of the genus Eirenis in Jordan (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae). Vertebrate Zoology 59 (1): 91-101 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Venzmer,G. 1919. Zur Schlangenfauna Süd-Kleinasiens, speziell des cilicischen Taurus. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 83 (11): 95-122
  • Wall,F. 1908. Notes on a collection of snakes from Persia. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 795-805 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, FRANZ 1898. Über einige neue Reptilien und einen neuen Frosch aus dem cilicischen Taurus. Zool. Anz. 21 (555): 217-223. - get paper here
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