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Eirenis lineomaculatus SCHMIDT, 1939

IUCN Red List - Eirenis lineomaculatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: English common name not available
G: Längsgepunktete Zwergnatter 
SynonymEirenis lineomaculata SCHMIDT 1939: 80
Eirenis lineomaculata — ESTERBAUER 1985
Eirenis lineomaculata — WELCH
Eirenis (Pediophis) lineomaculatus — NAGY et al. 2004
Eirenis lineomaculatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 258
Eirenis lineomaculatus — MEIRI et al. 2019 
DistributionTurkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan

Type locality: Jordan valley, Palestine  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 21909
Holotype: BMNH, paratypes: BMNH [fennelli] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Distinguished from Eirenis coronella by having seventeen scale rows, a lower number of ventrals, no loreal, and dorsal spots arranged as alternate longitudinal dashes [from SCHMIDT 1939].

Eirenis coronella shows geographical variation in ventral scale count, the number increasing from the west to the southeast (Table 2). This probably clinal variation has been partly responsible for the recognition of the subspecies E. c. fraseri. Apart form its higher ventral scale counts, this taxon is said to be more robust than typical E. c. coronella from further west and to have a more obscure pattern. However these features show considerable variation through the range of E. coronella and the status of its presently recognized subspecies needs reappraisal. Eirenis arabicus is said to differ from E. coronella in its narrower head, more tapering frontal scale which is longer than the snout and by the presence of six instead of seven upper labial scales on each side. As stated, body proportions in Eirenis are often quite variable, especially when preservation artifacts are included, and the head of the type of E. arabicus is not in fact exceptionally narrow. Frontal shape is also rather variable in E. coronella and, contrary to Haas, here too this scale is usually longer than the snout. The reduction of upper labial count from seven to six occurs occasionally in E. coronella by loss of the suture between the six and seventh labial scales; in some cases this fusion may be incomplete (see Fig.5). It seems therefore that E. arabicus is conspecific with E. coronella. The Eirenis coronella from southwest Saudi Arabia differ substantially from those found to the north and east and are named below as a distinct subspecies [ARNOLD 1982]. 
CommentDistribution: For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013. 
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see]
  • Arnold E N 1982. Reptiles of Saudi Arabia. A new semaphore gecko (Pristurus: Gekkonidae) and a new dwarf snake (Eirenis: Colubridae) from southwestern Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 4: 468-477
  • Baran, I. 1976. Türkiye yilanlarinin taksonomik revizyonu ve cografi dagilislari [Turkish Snakes]. TBTAK Ankara, 177 pp.
  • Baran, I. 1982. Zur Taxonomie der Schlangen in Südost- und Ost-Anatolien. Spixiana 5 (1): 51-59 - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Esterbauer, H. 1985. Zur Herpetofauna Südwestsyriens. Herpetofauna 7 (38): 23-34 - get paper here
  • Esterbauer, Hans 2015. Habitat- und Terrarienbeobachtungen an Zwergnattern der Gattung Eirenis aus Südwestsyrien. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (5): 34-41 - get paper here
  • Gruber, U. 2009. Die Schlangen Europas, 2. Aufl. Kosmos Naturführer, 266 pp.
  • Handal, Elias N.; Zuhair S. Amr, Mazin B. Qumsiyeh 2016. Some Records of Reptiles from the Palestinian Territories. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (4): 261-270 - get paper here
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Mahlow, Kristin; Frank Tillack, Josef Friedrich Schmidtler & Johannes Müller 2013. An annotated checklist, description and key to the dwarf snakes of the genus Eirenis Jan, 1863 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae), with special emphasis on the dentition. Vertebrate Zoology 63 (1): 41–85 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Amos Belmaker, Daniel Berkowic, Kesem Kazes, Erez Maza, Guy Bar-Oz and Roi Dor 2019. A checklist of Israeli land vertebrates. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T., J.F. Schmidtler, U. Joger & M. Wink 2003. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten. Salamandra 39 (3-4): 149-168 - get paper here
  • Schätti B. & Monsch, P. 2004. Systematics and phylogenetic relationships of Whip snakes (Hierophis Fitzinger) and Zamenis andreana Werner 1917 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubrinae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 111 (2): 239-256 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J.J. & Schmidtler,J. F. 1978. Eine neue Zwergnatter aus der Türkei; mit einer Übersicht über die Gattung Eirenis (Colubridae,Rept.). Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 81: 383-400 - get paper here
  • SHWAYAT, SUHA N.; AHMAD M. DISI & ZUHAIR S. AMR 2009. Snakes of the genus Eirenis in Jordan (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae). Vertebrate Zoology 59 (1): 91-101 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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