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Eremias argus PETERS, 1869

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesEremias argus argus PETERS 1869
Eremias argus barbouri SCHMIDT 1925 
Common NamesE: Mongolia Racerunner
Russian: Монгольская ящурка
Chinese: 丽斑麻蜥 
SynonymEremias argus PETERS 1869: 61
Podarces argus STRAUCH 1876
Eremias argus — BOULENGER 1887: 102 (part.)
Eremias argus — STONE 1899: 183
Eremias argus — STEJNEGER 1907: 248
Eremias brenchleyi ELPATEYEVSKY 1906
Eremias (Pareremias) argus — SZCZERBAK 1974
Eremias argus — SZYNDLAR 1984
Eremias argus — SCHLÜTER 2005
Eremias (Pareremias) argus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Eremias argus barbouri SCHMIDT 1925
Eremias barbouri SCHMIDT 1925
Eremias argus barbouri — OKADA 1935
Eremias (Pareremias) barbouri — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Eremias argus barbouri — BÖHME 2014: 145 
DistributionE Mongolia, NE China (Liaoning south to Jiangsu and westward to Qinghai)
C Mongolia and adjacent parts of China (Inner Mongolia)
W Korea, Russia (southern bank of Lake Baikal, SW Chitinskaya Oblast, S Buryatia)

Type locality: Mai Tai Chao, China [E. a. barbouri]
Type locality: “Chefoo, China” [= Yantai Shi, Shandong, China] fide BAUER et al. 1995: 57  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 4532 (designated by SZCZERBAK 1974)
Holotype: AMNH 24045, paratypes: FMNH, ZFMK 14230 (ex-AMNH 24079), possibly 1 paratype in NMW [barbouri] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). 
EtymologyNamed after the mythological Greek giant Argus who had many eyes (some accounts say 100). The reptiles named after him are adorned with ocelli (eyelike spots). 
References
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. A list of the reptiles and batrachians of Amoorland [Russia]. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5: 137-144 - get paper here
  • Dixon, J.R. 1956. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from West Central Korea. Herpetologica 12(1): 50-56 - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Jin, S.-D. et al. 2013. Phylogeographical Analysis of Eremias argus in Yoobu-do Island and Sohwang Sand Dune, Korea. J. Asia-Pacific Biodivers. 6, 455–458 (2013) - get paper here
  • Kirilyuk, V. E.; O. V. Korsun, O. G. Kurtova, V. F. Lyamkiya, V. N. Puzansky. 2012. Reptiles. Yu. A. Bazhenov. Amphibians. Red Book of the Trans-Baikal Territory. Animals. Novosibirsk: LLC Nosvosibirsk Publishing House, 2012. 344 p
  • Lixia, Wan; Shihong, Sun; Yuanting, Jin; Yongfeng, Yan; Naifa, Liu 2007. Molecular phylogeography of the Chinese lacertids of the genus Eremias (Lacertidae) based on 16S rRNA mitochondrial DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (1): 33-41 - get paper here
  • Peters, WILHELM C. H. 1869. Eine Mittheilung über neue Gattungen und Arten von Eidechsen. Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. Berlin, 1869: 57-66 - get paper here
  • QU, Yanfu; Qun ZHAO; Hongliang LU; Xiang JI 2014. Population Dynamics Following the Last Glacial Maximum in Two Sympatric Lizards in Northern China. Asian Herpetological Research 5 (4): 213-227, doi 10.3724/SP.J.1245.2014.00213 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2005. Der Mongolische Wüstenrenner, Eremias argus PETERS, 1869. Draco 5 (21): 82-85 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KARL P. 1925. New Chinese amphibians and reptiles. American Museum Novitates (175): 1-3. - get paper here
  • Shcherbak, N. [= Szczerbak] 1974. Yashchurki palearktiki [Palearctic Desert Lizards]. Kiev, Naukova dumka, 296 pp.
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Stone, Witmer 1899. A small collection of batrachians and reptiles from eastern Mongolia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1899: 183-184 - get paper here
  • Strauch in: PRZEWALSKI, N.M. 1876. Mongoliya i Strana Tangutov. Tryokhletneye puteshestviye v Vostochnoj Nagoruoj Asii (= Mongolia and the Tangut Country. A Three-Year Travel in Eastern High Asia). Volumes 1-2. Imper. Russ. Geogr. Soc., St. Petersburg (in Russian; English edition, London 1876, French edition, Paris 1880, German edition, Jena 1887; abridged Russian edition with added notes, Moscow 1946). - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Szyndlar, Z. 1984. A description of a small collection of amphibians and reptiles from the People's Democratic Republic of Korea, with notes on the distribution of the herpetofauna in that country. Acta Zool. Cracov. 27 (1): 3-18
  • Truweller, K. A.;Makarov, A. N.;Orlova, V. F. 1994. Method of the simplified evaluation of genetic differentiation of the Asian Eremias lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 133-142 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zeng, Zhi-Gao; Jun-Huai Bi , Shu-Ran Li , Yang Wang , Travis R. Robbins , Shao-Yong Chen , and Wei-Guo Du 2016. Habitat Alteration Influences a Desert Steppe Lizard Community: Implications of Species-Specific Preferences and Performance. Herp. Monographs 30 (1): 34-48 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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