You are here » home advanced search search results Eryx miliaris

Eryx miliaris (PALLAS, 1773)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Eryx miliaris?

Add your own observation of
Eryx miliaris »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaBoidae (Erycinae, Erycidae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesEryx miliaris nogaiorum NIKOLSKY 1910
Eryx miliaris miliaris (PALLAS 1773) 
Common NamesE: Dwarf Sand Boa, Desert Sand Boa, Tartar Sand Boa
G: Wüstensandboa, Östliche Sandboa
Russian: Песчаный удавчик
Chinese: 红沙蚺
E: Tartar Sand Boa [tataricus]
G: Tatarische Sandboa [tataricus]
Chinese: 东方沙蚺 [tataricus] 
SynonymAnguis miliaris PALLAS 1773
Anguis helluo PALLAS 1814
Boa tatarica LICHTENSTEIN 1823: 104
Eryx miliaris — EICHWALD 1831
Eryx miliaris var. roborowskii BEDRIAGA 1906: 193
Eryx miliaris var. koslowi BEDRIAGA 1906: 193
Eryx tataricus TZAREVSKY 1915
Eryx speciosus TZAREVSKY 1915
Eryx tataricus speciosus TZAREVSKY 1916
Eryx miliaris rarus TZAREVSKY 1916
Eryx miliaris tritus TZAREVSKY 1916
Eryx miliaris incerta TZAREVSKY 1916
Eryx tataricus bogdanovi TZAREVSKY 1916
Eryx rickmersi WERNER 1930
Eryx speciosus — WERNER 1930
Eryx jaculus miliaris — LEVITON 1959
Eryx richmersi WERNER 1930 (fide R. KHALIKOV, pes. comm.)
Eryx miliaris — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Eryx miliaris — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 207
Eryx tataricus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 209
Eryx miliaris tataricus — LAMBERT 2002
Eryx tataricus — JONES 2004
Eryx tataricus speciosus — JONES 2004
Eryx speciosus — ANANJEVA et al. 2006
Eryx miliaris tataricus — ZHAO 2006
Eryx tataricus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 289
Eryx miliaris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 289
Eryx cf. miliaris — RHADI et al. 2017
Eryx miliaris — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 35
Eryx tataricus — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 36
Eryx tataricus — LI et al. 2020

Eryx miliaris nogaiorum NIKOLSKY 1910
Eryx miliaris nogaiorum NIKOLSKY 1910: 90
Eryx nogaiorum — ROSS & MARZEC 1990
Eryx miliaris nogaiorum — JONES 2004
Eryx miliaris nogaiorum — VEDMEDERYA et al. 2009 
DistributionS Russia from western border of Caspian Sea (Caucasus) through Kazakhstan, Iraq, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China (Xinjiang through Gansu to W Nei Mongol = Inner Mongolia, Ningxia), Mongolia

Type locality: coast of the Caspian Sea; Lectotype locality: Dagestan region of Russia.

nogaiorum: Type locality: "Nogai Steppe between the lower reaches of the Terk and Kuma rivers" [north-eastern Precaucasus] fide Nikolsky 1916:34.

speciosus (invalid): Pakistan (KHAN 2004); Tajikistan (Vakhsh River valley); Type locality: “Eastern Bukhara” (Vakhsh River valley in Tajikistan)

tataricus (invalid): Turkmenistan eastward to E Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, E Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan, W Pakistan, W China (Xinjiang through Gansu to W Nei Mongol = Inner Mongolia and Ningxia), S Mongolia; Type locality: Tataria (= coast of the Aral Sea (fide KHALIKOV, pers. comm.)  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesLectotype: MNKNU 27350, designated by Vedmederya et al. (2009). Holotype: lost (presumed) fide KLUGE 1993.
Syntypes: ZMT [Caucasian Museum], as indicated by Nikolsky (1916:34) [nogaiorum]
Lectotype: ZMB 1461, adult unknown sex (E.F. Eversmann, 1820–1822), designated by Bauer et al. (2002: 167) [tataricus]
Holotype: ZISP 14009, a male [vittatus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. GL bis 810 mm, damit etwas kleiner als die beiden semisympatrischen Arten E. jaculus und E. tataricus bleibend. Von diesen beiden unterscheidet sich E. miliaris neben Pholidose- und Färbungsmerkmalen vor allem durch die Stellung der Augen, die nicht nach seitlich, sondern nach oben ausgerichtet sind (Abb. 10) (Darevsky in Böhme et al. 1993: 55). 
CommentSynonymy after KLUGE 1993 and partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). WALLACH et al. 2014: 28 and REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018 consider tataricus as questionable and speciosus as synonym of tataricus. Reynolds et al. (2014) found that E. tataricus nests within E. miliaris and was considered a synonym of miliaris by ESKANDARZADEH et al. 2013, and formally synonymized by ESKANDARZADEH et al. 2020.

Subspecies: ROSS & MARZEC (1990) recognized the black sand boa, Eryx miliaris nogaiorum, as a distinct species; however, they gave no reference to document that change in status. See also Reynolds et al. 2014 and Reynolds & Henderson 2018 who recommend not to recognize E. tataricus or E. m. nogaiorum.

Distribution: The NE Iranian populations of E. tataricus are conspecific with E. miliaris (ESKANDARZADEH et al. 2013). The populations from China may be included in T. tataricus now. Not in Iran fide Zarrintab et al. 2017. The NE Iranian populations of E. tataricus are conspecific with E. miliaris (ESKANDARZADEH et al. 2013). Distribution: Does not occur in India (I, DAS, pers. comm.). May need correction for removal of E. vittatus.

NCBI taxID: 51873 [tataricus] 
References
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Bedriaga, JACQUES VON 1907. Verzeichnis der von der Central-Asiatischen Expedition unter Stabs-Kapitän W. Roborowski in den Jahren 1893-1895 gesammelten Reptilien. Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Impér. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, 10 (3-4): 159-200 [1905] - get paper here
  • Belik V.P. 2014. To the history of research on the amphibian and reptile fauna in the Volgograd Region. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 3–13. Резюме - get paper here
  • Darewskij,I. 1993. Eryx miliaris - Östliche Sandboa. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 3/I., Schlangen (Serpentes) I. Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 55-66
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2003. Diversity of snakes (on the materials of the exposition of the Zoological Museum of the Moscow State University). Moscow: Moscow State University Press, 376 pp
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • ESKANDARZADEH, Naeimeh; Jamshid DARVISH, Eskandar RASTEGAR-POUYANI, Fereshteh GHASSEMZADEH 2013. Reevaluation of the taxonomic status of sand boas of the genus Eryx (Daudin, 1803) (Serpentes: Boidae) in northeastern Iran. Turkish Journal of Zoology 37: 348-356 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Gruber, U. 2009. Die Schlangen Europas, 2. Aufl. Kosmos Naturführer, 266 pp.
  • Habeeb, Israa Nadhim & Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani 2016. Geographical distribution of the snakes of Iraq. Mesopotamia Environmental Journal 2 (3): 67-77
  • Joisten, F. 2013. Amphibien und Reptilien in Nord-Afghanistan. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (103): 86-93 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Zur Haltung und Pflege von Sandboas. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 31-34 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Sandboas. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 20-30 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. General Care and Maintenance of Sand Boas. Reptilia (GB) (34): 29-33 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Breeding Eurasian Sand boas: Eryx jaculus, Eryx miliaris und Eryx tataricus. Reptilia (GB) (34): 24-28 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Sand Boas. Reptilia (GB) (34): 12-23 - get paper here
  • Jones, C. 2004. Zur Vermehrung eurasischer Sandboas: Eryx jaculus, Eryx miliaris und Eryx tataricus. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 35-39 - get paper here
  • Khan, Muhamad Sharif 2004. Annotated checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Pakistan. Asiatic Herpetological Research 10: 191-201 - get paper here
  • Kluge A G 1993. Calabaria and the phylogeny of erycine snakes. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 107 (4): 293-351
  • Lambert, M.R.K. 2002. Preliminary observations on herpetofaunal diversity in the Almaty region, Southern Kazakhstan (September 1998). Herpetological Bulletin (79): 7-13 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E. 1959. Report on a collection of reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (12): 445-463 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E. 1959. Systematics and Zoogeography of Philippine Snakes. Unpublished PhD Thesis.
  • Li, J-N., Liang, D., Wang, Y-Y., Guo, P., Huang, S., Zhang, P., 2020. A Large-scale Systematic Framework of Chinese Snakes Based on a Unified Multilocus Marker System. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Lichtenstein, M. HINRICH C. 1823. Verzeichniss der Doubletten des zoologischen Museums der Königl. Universität zu Berlin nebst Beschreibung vieler bisher unbekannter Arten von Säugethieren, Vögeln, Amphibien und Fischen. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss./ T. Trautwein, Berlin. x, 118 pages - get paper here
  • Martin T, Guillemin M, Nivet-Mazerolles V, Landsmann C, Dubos J, Eudeline R, and Stroud J. 2017. The herpetofauna of central Uzbekistan. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [General Section]: 93–107 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Minton, S. A. Jr. 1966. A contribution to the herpetology of West Pakistan. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 134: 29-184.
  • Neymark L. A. 2020. On the Ecology of the Desert Sand Boa Eryx miliaris (Reptilia, Boidae) in Kalmykia. Current Studies in Herpetology 20 (1-2): 43 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1910. КАВКАЗСКІЕ ВИДЫ СТЕПНОГО УДАВА (ERYX). Izv. Kavkaz Muz., St. Petersburg (5):86-93 - get paper here
  • Orlova V.F., Dunayev E.A., Nazarov R.A., Terbish Kh., Erdentushig P. 2014. Materials on the South-Western Mongolia herpetofauna. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 32–43 - get paper here
  • Pallas,P.S. 1773. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reiches, vol. 2. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., St. Petersburg, 744pp. - get paper here
  • Rajabizadeh, M. 2017. Snakes of Iran. [in Farsi] Tehran: Iranshenasi, 496 pp. - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Reynolds, R. Graham and Robert W. Henderson 2018. Boas of the World (Superfamily Booidae): A Checklist With Systematic, Taxonomic, and Conservation Assessments. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology Sep 2018, Vol. 162, No. 1: 1-58. - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham; Matthew L. Niemiller, Liam J. Revell 2014. Toward a Tree-of-Life for the boas and pythons: Multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 201–213 [published online in 2013] - get paper here
  • Rhadi, Fadhel Aabbas;Rihab Ghaleb Mohammed, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani,Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani 2017. On the Snake Fauna of Central and Southern Iraq and Some Zoogeographic Remarks. Russ. J. Herpetol. 24 (4): 251-266 - get paper here
  • Ross, R.A and, G. Marzec 1990. The reproductive husbandry of Pythons and Boas. Inst. Herp. Res., Standford, California.
  • Schmidt, D. & Kunz, K. 2005. Ernährung von Schlangen. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 159 pp. - get paper here
  • Shaposhnikov, A. V. 2001. About new record of Eryx miliaris on the Mt. Bol'shoi Bogdo in Astrakhan' Region, Russia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 8 (1): 79 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • Sorensen, D. 1987. The genus Eryx. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 23(2):21-25 - get paper here
  • Steward, J. W. 1971. The Snakes of Europe. David and Charles, 238 pp.
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tzarevsky, S.F. [surname also translated as Carevskij, Czarevsky, Tsarewsky, Tzarewsky and Zarevskij fide Adler, 2012: 216] 1916. Aperçu des représentants du genre Eryx, principalement de l’Empire Russe et des pays limitrophes. (in Russian). Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de Petrograd (1915) 20(1), 340–388 - get paper here
  • Vedmederya, Valeriy; Oleksandr Zinenko, and Andrei Barabanov 2009. An Annotated Type Catalogue of Amphibians and Reptiles in the Museum of Nature at V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (Kharkiv, Ukraine). Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (3): 203-212 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale G. Doria, Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Werner, Franz 1930. Boidenstudien im Wiener Naturhistorischen Museum. Zool. Anz. 87 (7/8): 198-207 - get paper here
  • Zarrintab, Mohammad; Konstantin D. Milto, Naeimeh Eskandarzadeh, Bahman Zangi, Mohammad Jahan, Haji Gholi Kami, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani and Mahdi Rajabizadeh 2017. Taxonomy and distribution of sand boas of the genus Eryx Daudin, 1803 (Serpentes: Erycidae) in Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 63 (2): 117 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

https://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Eryx&species=miliaris

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.



Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator