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Ficimia publia COPE, 1866

IUCN Red List - Ficimia publia - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Blotched Hooknose Snake
S: Nariz de Gancho Manchada 
SynonymFicimia publia COPE 1866
Ficimia ornata BOCOURT 1883: 571
Gyalopium publium — COPE 1885: 177
Ficimia olivacea publia — BARBOUR & COLE 1906: 153
Ficimia publia — SMITH 1941: 362
Ficimia publia taylori SMITH 1947
Ficimia publia wolffsohni NEILL 1965: 103
Ficimia publia — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 116
Ficimia publia — LINER 1994
Ficimia publia — LINER 2007
Ficimia publia — WALLACH et al. 2014: 296 
DistributionS Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Jalisco [HR 27: 88], Morelos, Veracruz, Puebla, Guerrero, Morelos), Honduras, Belize, S Guatemala

Type locality: Yucatan

taylori (invalid): Mexico (Veracruz); Type-locality, "Rio Chiquito at San Lorenzo, Veracruz."

wolffsohni (invalid): Belize; Type-locality, "Gallon Jug, Orange Walk District, British Honduras" [Belize].  
Reproductionoviparous (Greer 1966) 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 16428, 16427
Holotype: USNM 123491 [taylori]
Holotype: MCZ 71668 [wolffsohni] 
DiagnosisDEFINITION AND DIAGNOSIS: Ficimia publia has the following characteristics: smooth dorsal scales in 19-19-17-17-17 rows with single apical pits and no anal ridges; 4-10 dorsal scales contacting parietals; internasals usually present; nasal divided or entire above naris, always divided below naris; loreal absent; one preocular; two postoculars; 1 + 2 temporals; rostral contacting frontal, turned up in front and sharp edged; 7 supralabials, 3-4 contacting orbit; labials 2-3 contacting preocular; 7 infralabials, 1-3 contacting anterior genials; mental separated from anterior genials by mutual median contact of first infralabials; nasal separated from preocular and fused to first supralabial; 12-33 gulars; 137-157 (females), 127-152 (males) ventrals; 32-41 (females), 26-44 (males) subcaudals; anal plate divided; 22-38 (females), 17-38 (males) dorsal body blotches; 7-12 (females), 6-13 (males) dorsal caudal blotches; 13-15 maxillary teeth (diastema and fangs absent); 7-10 palatine teeth; 14-17 dentary teeth; snout-vent length is 115-340 (females), 111-415 mm (males); tail length is 25-63 (females), 20-79 (males); tail length/total length is 0.136-0.170 (females), 0.141-0.178 (males).
Ficimia publia differs from F. olivacea by having dorsal blotches; from F. streckeri by having dorsal blotches longer than one scale in length and two postoculars (usually); from F. ramirezi by having the inters paces between dorsal blotches less than twice the length of the blotches; from both F. variegata and F. ruspator by having fewer than 42 dorsal body blotches (Hardy 1980). 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970, HARDY 1980, LEE 2000.

Subspecies: Ficimia publia taylori SMITH 1947 is not recognized by recent authors, i.e. considered a synonym of publia by Hardy 1980, Heimes 2016. 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T., and L. J. Cole. 1906. Vertebrata from Yucatan. Reptilia, Amphibia and Pisces. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 50: 146-159 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. F. 1883. In A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv, 1-1012. In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amér Imprimerie Impériale, Paris - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Canseco-Márquez, L., & Gutiérrrez-Mayén, M.G. 2010. Anfibios y reptiles del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán. Comisión Nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad, México D.F., Mexico, 302 pp - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Castro-Franco, R. & Guadalupe Bustos Zagal, M. 2004. Additional records and range extensions of reptiles from Morelos, México. Herpetological Review 35 (2): 196-197 - get paper here
  • Colston, Timothy J.; José António L. Barão-Nóbrega, Ryan Manders, Alice Lett, Jamie Wilmott, Gavin Cameron, Sidony Hunter, Adam Radage, Etienne Littlefair, Robert J. Williams, Antonio Lopez Cen, Kathy Slater 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, México, with new records. Check List 11 (5): 1759 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1866. Fourth contribution lo the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 18: 123-132 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Garcia, Andres;Valtierra-Azotla, Marciano 1996. Geographic Distribution. Ficimia publia. Herpetological Review 27 (2): 88 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. 2016. Ficimia publia. Reproduction. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 498 - get paper here
  • González-Sánchez, V. H., J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, V. Mata-Silva, D. L. DeSantis and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The Herpetofauna of the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 264–380 - get paper here
  • Greer, A. E. 1966. Viviparity and oviparity in the snake genera Conopsis, Toluca, Gyalopion, and Ficimia, with comments on Tomodon and Helicops. Copeia 1966 (2): 371-373 - get paper here
  • Guerra Centeno, Dennis; Héctor Fuentes Rousselin & David Morán Villatoro 2012. Serpientes de Guatemala: Guía para didentificación de especies. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 186 pp.
  • Hardy, L. M. 1975. A systematic revision of the colubrid snake genus Ficimia. Journal of Herpetology 9 (2): 133-168. - get paper here
  • Hardy, L. M. 1980. Ficimia publia. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 254: 1-2. - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
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  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A conservation checklist of the herpetofauna of Morelos, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 941: 121-144 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Mendoza-Quijano F; Smith H M 1993. A new species of hooknose snake, Ficimia (Reptilia, Serpentes). Journal of Herpetology 27 (4): 406-410 - get paper here
  • MORALES-MAVIL, J. E., A. CARMONA-MELO, AND E. A. BELLO-SANCHEZ 2020. Ficimia publia (Blotched Hooknose Snake). Diet. Herpetological Review 51: 619.
  • Nahuat-Cervera, Pedro Enrique 2020. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hobonil Educative Center, Tzucacab, Yucatán, Mexico. Rev. Latinoamer. Herp. 3 (1): 53-65 - get paper here
  • Neill, Wilfred T. 1965. New and noteworthy amphibians and reptiles from British Honduras. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 9 (3): 77-130 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
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  • Smith, Hobart M. 1947. Notes on Mexican amphibians and reptiles. J. Washington Acad. Sci. 37 (11): 408-412 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Urbina-Cardona, J. Nicolás; Mario Olivares-Pérez, Víctor Hugo Reynoso 2006. Herpetofauna diversity and microenvironment correlates across a pasture–edge–interior ecotone in tropical rainforest fragments in the Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve of Veracruz, Mexico. Biological Conservation 132: 61–75 - get paper here
  • Villa, J., Wilson, L.D., Johnson, J.D. 1988. Middle American Herpetology - A Bibliographic Checklist. University of Missouri Press, 132 pp [review in Copeia 1989 (3): 802]
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  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884 - get paper here
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