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Geoemyda japonica FAN, 1931

IUCN Red List - Geoemyda japonica - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Okinawa Black-breasted Leaf Turtle
G: Japanische Zacken-Erdschildkröte 
SynonymGeoemyda spengleri japonica FAN 1931
Geoemyda japonica — YASUKAWA et al. 1992
Geoemyda spengleri japonica — IVERSON 1992: 123
Geoemyda japonica — OBST 2003: 17
Geoemyda japonica — GORIS & MAEDA 2004
Geoemyda japonica — TTWG 2014
Geoemyda japonica — TTWG 2021 
DistributionJapan (Ryukyu islands: Okinawa)

Type locality: “Japan and other Pacific Islands”  
TypesHolotype: nondesignated (IVERSON 1992: 123) 
CommentOTANI et al. (1995) reported hybrids between M. japonica and Cuora flavomarginata and between Geoemyda japonica and C. flavomarginata.

This species is classified as “vulnerable” in Japan (Ota 2000). 
  • Ackermann, L. 2016. In den Wäldern von Okinawa. Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (5): 48-51 - get paper here
  • Fan, TSANG-HOW. 1931. Preliminary report of reptiles from Yashan, Kwangsi, China. Bull. Dept. Biol. Coll. Sci. Sun Yatsen Univ., Canton, 11 (4): 1-154 - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Ota, H. 2000. Current status of the threatened amphibians and reptiles of Japan. Popul. Ecol. 42: 5-9 - get paper here
  • Otani, T. 1995. A possible hybrid between Geoemyda japonica and Cuora flavomarginata obtained in captivity. Akamata 11: 22-24
  • Otani, T. 1995. Possible hybrids between Geoemyda japonica and Cuora flavomarginata found on Okinawajima Island, Ryukyu Archipelago. Akamata 11: 25-26
  • Schaefer, I. 2005. Zacken-Erdschildkröten - Die Gattung Geoemyda. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 143 pp. - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2004. Asiatische Sumpfschildkröten - Die Familie Geoemydidae in Südostasien, China und Japan. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Struijk, R.P.J.H. 2014. Ein Fall von aberranter Plastralzeichnung bei einer weiblichen Japanischen Zacken-Erdschildkröte Geoemyda japonica FAN 1931 von Kume-jima, Japan. Sauria 36 (4): 53-54 - get paper here
  • Takahashi, Akio; Hiroyuki Otsuka and Hidetoshi Ota 2008. Systematic Review of Late Pleistocene Turtles ( Reptilia: Chelonii) from the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan, with Special Reference to Paleogeographical Implications. Pacific Science 62 (3):395 – 402 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Yasukawa Y; Ota H; Hikida T 1992. Taxonomic re-evaluation of the two subspecies of Geoemyda spengleri spengleri (Gmelin, 1789) (Reptilia: Emydidae). Japanese Journal of Herpetology 14 (3): 143-159 - get paper here
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