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Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae (DE VIS, 1890)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Prickly Forest Skink 
SynonymTropidophorus queenslandiae DE VIS 1890
Tropidophorus queenslandiae — COGGER 1983: 193
Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1983
Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae — COGGER 2000: 499
Gyneptoscincus [sic] queenslandiae — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 222
Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae — COUPER et al. 2006: 381
Concinnia queenslandiae — SKINNER et al. 2013
Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae — COGGER 2014: 571
Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae — CHAPPLE et al. 2021 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: Bellenden Ker and Herberton, Qld.  
Reproductionviviparous (live-bearing), giving birth to 1-5 young in the late wet season (January-March). 
TypesLectotype: QM J252, designation by Wells & Wellington (1985). 
CommentHabitat: rainforests, under and within rotting logs (Naylor, 1980; Cogger, 2000).

Behavior: Individuals show strong site-fidelity (Sumner and Moritz, unpublished data, cited in Sumner et al.).

Vocalization: this species is one of the few skinks which produce sounds when captured (O’Connor 2003).

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Brandley et al 2008) 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Covacevich J A; Couper P J; James C 1993. A new skink, Nangura spinosa gen. et sp. nov, from a dry rainforest of southeastern Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 34 (1): 159-167
  • Cunningham, Michael 1993. Reproductive biology of the Prickly Forest Skink, Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae, an endemic species from northern Queensland. Mem. Queensland Mus. 34(1): 131-138
  • de Vis, C. W. 1890. Descriptions of two lizards of genera new to Australian Herpetology. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 4: 1034-1036 [1889] - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Greer, A. E. 1979. A phylogenetic subdivision of Australian skinks. Rec. Austral. Mus. 32: 339-371 - get paper here
  • Muñoz, M. M., Langham, G. M., Brandley, M. C., Rosauer, D. F., Williams, S. E. and Moritz, C. 2016. Basking behavior predicts the evolution of heat tolerance in Australian rainforest lizards. Evolution, 70: 2537–2549.doi:10.1111/evo.13064 - get paper here
  • Naylor, L.M. 1980. The maintenance of a group of prickly forest skinks (Tropidophorus queenslandiae de Vis), in captivity. Thylacinus, J Aust. Soc. Zookeepers 5: 5-6
  • O’Connor, Dave 2003. Vocalisation and aggression in the Prickly Forest Skink Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae. Australian Zoologist 32 (2): 265 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Reeder, T.W. 2003. A phylogeny of the Australian Sphenomorphus group (Scincidae: Squamata) and the phylogenetic placement of the crocodile skinks (Tribolonotus): Bayesian approaches to assessing congruence and obtaining confidence in maximum likelihood inferred relatio Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 384–397 - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Sumner, Joanna ; Craig Moritz, Richard Shine 1999. Shrinking forest shrinks skink: morphological change in response to rainforest fragmentation in the prickly forest skink (Gnypetoscincus queenslandiae). Biological Conservation 91:159-167 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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