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Graptemys geographica (LESUEUR, 1817)

IUCN Red List - Graptemys geographica - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Common Map Turtle, Northern Map Turtle 
SynonymTestudo geographica LESUEUR 1817: 86
Emys lesueuri GRAY 1831
Emys geographica — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 258
Emys Geographica — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 225
Graptemys geographica — AGASSIZ 1857
Malacoclemmys geographica — BOULENGER 1889
Malacoclemmys geographicus – STUNKARD 1915
Graptemys geographica — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 57
Graptemys geographica — CROTHER 2000
Graptemys geographica — RHODIN et al. 2010 
DistributionCanada (S Quebec, S Ontario),
USA (Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, NW Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania (Susquehanna River drainage of Pennsylvania), Ohio, W West Virginia, W Virginia, Tennessee, NW Georgia, N Alabama, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, E Minnesota, E Iowa, Missouri, E Kansas, NE Oklahoma, Arkansas, S Wisconsin, Maryland, Delaware River)

Type locality: restricted to the “peninsula of Presque Isle and adjacent Presque Isle Bay in Erie County, Pennsylvania” by Lindeman 2009.  
Reproductionoviparous. Exhibits temperature‐dependent sex determination (TSD) fide Cornejo-Páramo et al. 2020 (and references therein). 
TypesLectotype: Iconotype, drawn specimen by Le SUEUR 
Diagnosis 
CommentDiet: omnivore.

Type species: Testudo geographica LE SUEUR 1817: 86 is the type species of the genus Graptemys AGASSIZ 1857: 436.

Phylogeny: for a phylogeny of the genus see Thomson et al. 2018.

Habitat: freshwater (lakes, rivers) 
EtymologyThe genus name means “inscribed turtle”; probably referring to the carapacial pattern. Similarly, the species was named after the carapacial pattern resembling contour lines on a map. 
References
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  • Anton, T. G. & Graser, W. H. 2012. Geographic distribution: Graptemys geographica (northern map turtle). Herpetological Review 43: 441-442 - get paper here
  • Anton, Thomas G., Cavataio, Joseph T. and Mills, Douglas 2016. New amphibian and reptile records from Illinois, USA. Herpetological Review 47 (4): 638 - get paper here
  • Ben-Ezra, E., G. Bulté & G. Blouin-Demers 2008. Are Locomotor Performance Coadapted to Preferred Basking Temperature in the Northern Map Turtle (Graptemys geographica) Journal of Herpetology 42 (2): 322-331. - get paper here
  • Berry, G. 2018. Geographic Distribution: Graptemys geographica (Northern Map Turtle). Herpetological Review 49 (1): 72. - get paper here
  • Bishop, S.C. 1921. The Map Turtle, Graptemys geographica (Le Suer) in New York Copeia 100: 80-81. - get paper here
  • Bolek, Matthew G. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Graptemys geographica. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 94 - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Brown, Grover 2016. Geographic Distribution: Graptemys geographica (Northern Map Turtle). Herpetological Review 47 (4): 625 - get paper here
  • Brown, Grover J.; Luke Pearson, Gabrielle Berry & Will Selman 2020. Discovery of the Northern Map Turtle (Graptemys geographica LeSueur 1817) in Far Northeastern Mississippi Chelonian Conservation and Biology 19 (2): 256-261 - get paper here
  • Bulté, Grégory; Michelle B. Léveillée, Gabriel Blouin-Demers, Steven J. Cooke & Susan M. Bertram 2020. Observations on the Short-Term Effects of Motorboat Disturbance on the Use of Basking Sites by Female Northern Map Turtles Chelonian Conservation and Biology 19 (2): 302-304 - get paper here
  • Bulté, Grégory; Ryan R. Germain, Constance M. O'Connor, and Gabriel Blouin-Demers 2013. Sexual Dichromatism in the Northern Map Turtle, Graptemys geographica. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jul 2013, Vol. 12, No. 1: 187-192. - get paper here
  • Butterfield, Brian P., Lisa M. Raine and M. Rachel Hobgood. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Graptemys geographica (northern map turtle). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 460 - get paper here
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  • Carrière, M.-A., G. Bulté & G. Blouin-Demers 2009. Spatial Ecology of Northern Map Turtles (Graptemys geographica) in a Lotic and a Lentic Habitat Journal of Herpetology 43 (4): 597-604. - get paper here
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  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
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  • Frum, W.G. 1947. Graptemys geographica in West Virginia Copeia 1947 (3): 211. - get paper here
  • Garman, H. 1890. The Differences Between the Geographic Turtles (Malacoclemmys geographicus and M. lesueuri.). Bull. Essex Institute 22: 70-83
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  • Iverson, John B.; Geoffrey R. Smith, Jessica Rettig 2019. Body Size, Growth, and Longevity in Northern Map Turtles (Graptemys geographica) in Indiana. Journal of Herpetology 53 (4): 297-301 - get paper here
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  • Lechowicz, Christopher. 2008. Tour d'horizon de l'histoire naturelle, la taxonomie, la préservation et les problémes actuels des tortues géographiques du genre Graptemys (Agassiz, 1857). Chéloniens 11:30-45
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  • Lindeman, P V; 2019. Graptemys geographica (Northern Map Turtle) Coloration. Herpetological Review 50 (1): 124 - get paper here
  • Lindeman, P.V. 2006. Zebra and Quagga Mussels (Dreissena spp.) and Other Prey at a Lake Erie Population of Common Map Turtles (Emydidae: Graptemys geographica) Copeia 2006 (2): 268-273. - get paper here
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  • White, D., Jr. & D. Moll 1991. Clutch Size and Annual Reproductive Potential of the Turtle Graptemys geographica in a Missouri Stream Journal of Herpetology 25 (4): 493-494. - get paper here
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