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Hemidactylus depressus GRAY, 1842

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus depressus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: SriLanka Leaf-toed Gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus depressus GRAY 1842: 58
Nubilia argentii GRAY 1845: 273 (fide SMITH 1935)
Hemidactylus depressus — BOULENGER 1885: 134
Hemidactylus depressus — SMITH 1935: 91
Hemidactylus depressus — TAYLOR 1953: 1544
Hemidactylus depressus — WERMUTH 1965: 73
Hemidactylus depressus — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus depressus — RÖSLER 2000: 85
Hemidactylus depressus — KARUNARATHNA & AMARASINGHE 2011 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: in error (see comment)
Type locality: restricted to Ceylon (by TAYLOR 1953 for Nubilia argentii)  
TypesLectotype: BMNH RR 1962.190 (designated by BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA 2012); former Syntype: BMNH XXI.22.b. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Hemidactylus depressus differs from its peninsular-Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by the combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 76.5 mm; paired postmentals broadly in contact each other; each postmental bounded by 3 scales including medial scale; tubercles in paravertebral row, from occipital region to midsacrum, 35–41; longitudinal rows of middorsal tubercles, 13–16; ventral scales across midbody, 28–36; dorsal scales heterogeneous; ventrals smooth; femoral pores, 15–19 on each side, separated mesially by 2–4 scales; subcaudals smooth, median row enlarged; supralabials to angle of jaws, 9–14; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes, 10–11; coloration in life yellowish brown; midbody (from nape to sacrum) with 5 dark markings; venter white or yellow; yellow lateral band on head. [BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA 2012]. 
CommentDistribution: The type locality given by GRAY (1842) was “Madagascar”.

Original description in Amarasinghe et al. 2009. 
  • Amarasinghe, A. A. T., A. M. Bauer, I. Ineich, J. Rudge, M. M. Bahir & D. E. Gabadage 2009. The original descriptions and figures of Sri Lankan gekkonid lizards (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Taprobanica 1 (2): 83-106
  • Batuwita, Sudesh; & Rohan Pethiyagoda 2012. Rediscovery of the Sri Lankan ‘house gecko’ Hemidactylus pieresii Kelaart (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) with a redescription of Hemidactylus depressus Gray. Zootaxa 3359: 17–30 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Todd R. Jackman, Eli Greenbaum, Varad B. Giri, Anslem de Silva 2010. South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 343-352 - get paper here
  • Botejue, W. Madhava S.; Jayantha Wattavidanage 2012. Herpetofaunal diversity and distribution in Kalugala proposed forest reserve, Western province of Sri Lanka. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 65-80(e38). - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Description of some new species of Reptiles, chiefly from the British Museum collection. Zoological Miscellany 2: 57-59. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • JAYANETHTHI, H.B., MADURAPPERUMA, P.L., VELAUTHEM, A.V., BALASURIYA, N.H. & JABLONSKI, D. 2015. Bewertung der Verbreitung des Schuppenfingergeckos Lepidodactylus lugubris (DUMERIL & BIBRON, 1836) in Sri Lanka. Sauria 37 (2): 17 - 26 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (2): 69-76 - get paper here
  • Kelaart, E.E 1852. Prodromus Faunae Zeylanicae. Vol. 1. Part 3: Ceylon Reptiles. Colombo, pp. 143-187. - get paper here
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1854. Catalogue of reptiles collected in Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 13: 137-140 - get paper here
  • Madawala, Majintha; Thilina D Surasinghe, Anslem De Silva, Dinesh Gabadage, Madhava Botejue, Indika Peabotuwage, Dushantha Kandambi, Suranjan Karunarathna 2019. Reappraisal of Herpetofauna Recorded from Jaffna Peninsula in Northern Sri Lanka with Remarks on Conservation, Diversity, and Distribution. Russ. J. Herpetol. 26 (5): 247-260 - get paper here
  • Rösler H 2016. Bemerkungen über einige Geckoarten der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota Suppl. 3: 1-94
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Srikanthan, Achyuthan N.; Gandla Chethan Kumar, Aishwarya J. Urs & Sumaithangi Rajagopalan Ganesh 2018. Appearances are deceptive: molecular phylogeny recovers the Scaly Gecko Hemidactylus scabriceps (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) as a member of a scansorial and rupicolous clade. JoTT 10 (9): 12147–12162 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1953. A review of the lizards of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (12): 1525-1585 - get paper here
  • Wickramasinghe, Mendis & Ruchira Somaweera 2002. Distribution and Current Status of the Endemic Geckos of Sri Lanka. Gekko 3 (1): 2-13
  • Wickramasinghe, Mendis and Ruchira Somaweera. 2008. Changes in the distribution ranges of the Sri Lankan Hemidactylus species. Gekko 5 (2): 44-60
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