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Hemidactylus ituriensis SCHMIDT, 1919

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Ituri Leaf-toed Gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus ituriensis SCHMIDT 1919: 455
Hemidactylus ituriensis — LOVERIDGE 1936: 50
Hemidactylus fasciatus ituriensis — LOVERIDGE 1947
Hemidactylus fasciatus ituriensis — WERMUTH 1965: 74
Hemidactylus fasciatus ituriensis — RÖSLER 2000: 85
Hemidactylus ituriensis — WAGNER et al. 2014 
DistributionNE Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)

Type locality: “Avakubi,” Democratic Republic of the Congo.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 10272 
DiagnosisDescription. A fairly large species of Hemidactylus with a maximum SVL of 89mm and a maximum total length of 162mm. The species is morphologically characterized by a high number of subdigital lamellae (9–11 on 4th finger; 11–13 on 4th toe); by having the enlarged subcaudal scales about one-third of the tail width; and by having a low number of femoral pores in males (8 vs. 16–20 in the West African species). In coloration the species is distinct from all other taxa of the H. fasciatus group by lacking the sharply defined band between neck and eye on the side of the head and by having the body crossbands, which are wider than the interspaces, without a median notching (Wagner et al. 2014). 
CommentDistribution: only known from northeastern parts of the DR Congo. Wagner (2010) suggests a wider distribution along the Albertine Rift and probably eastwards to Uganda and probably Kenya, similar to the distribution pattern of forest species in this area (Wagner et al. 2008, 2009, Wagner et al. 2014).

Relationships. So far genetic information of this taxon are lacking, but we expect, due to morphological characters and the distribution pattern, a close, probably sister taxon, relationship to the clade including H. eniangii sp. n., H. coalescens sp. n., and H. biokoensis sp. n. (Wagner et al. 2014). 
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Wagner, P., Leaché, A. & Fujita, M.K. 2014. Description of four new West African forest geckos of the Hemidactylus fasciatus Gray, 1842 complex, revealed by coalescent species delimitation. Bonn zoological Bulletin 63 (1): 1–14 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Jörn Köhler; Andreas Schmitz; Wolfgang Böhme 2008. The biogeographical assignment of a west Kenyan rain forest remnant: further evidence from analysis of its reptile fauna. Journal of Biogeography 35: 1349–1361 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Wolfgang Böhme; Olivier S. G. Pauwels & Andreas Schmitz 2009. A review of the African red-flanked skinks of the Lygosoma fernandi (BURTON, 1836) species group (Squamata: Scincidae) and the role of climate change in their speciation. Zootaxa 2050: 1-30 - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H. 1965. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Gekkonidae, Pygopodidae, Xantusiidae. Das Tierreich (80): 1—246
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