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Hemidactylus karenorum (THEOBALD, 1868)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Burmese spotted gecko, Burmese Leaf-toed Gecko 
SynonymDoryura karenorum THEOBALD 1868: 30
Hemidactylus karenorum — BOULENGER 1885: 140
Hemidactylus karenorum — ANNANDALE 1905
Hemidactylus karenorum — DE ROOIJ 1915: 30
Hemidactylus karenorum — SMITH 1935: 102
Hemidactylus karenorum — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus karenorum — RÖSLER 2000: 86
Hemidactylus karenorum — NGUYEN et al. 2009 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma), Vietnam

Type locality: Karen-choung, near Toungoo, Myanmar (= Burma).  
TypesTypes: lost, according to Smith (1935) 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout longer than the distance between the eye and the ear-opening, one and one third or one and two fifths the diameter of the orbit; forehead slightly concave; ear-opening small, roundish. Head granular, the granules enlarged on the snout. Rostral four-sided, not quite twice so broad as high, with median cleft above; nostril bordered by the rostral, the first labial and three nasals. Eleven or twelve upper and seven to nine lower labials; mental large, triangular; two pair of chin-shields, median pair in contact. Body covered with minute granules and numerous small convex round tubercles; a slight lateral fold and another bordering the thighs posteriorly. Ventral scales cycloid, imbricate. Male with six praeanal pores in an angular series? (The female has six enlarged scales in the praeanal region). Tail depressed, flat below, with sharp denticulated lateral edge, covered above with equal small scales, below with a median series of large transversely dilated plates. Limbs moderate; digits free, dilated, inner well developed; infradigital lamellae curved, five under the thumb, nine under the fourth finger, 5 or 6 under the first toe, 10 or 12 under the fourth toe (de Rooij 1915: 30).

Coloration: Light grey-brown above, variegated with darker brown. Lower parts whitish (de Rooij 1915: 30).

Size: Length of head and body 50 mm.; tail 56 mm (de Rooij 1915: 30). 
CommentDistribution: The presence of this species outside Myanmar has been questioned (ZUG et al. 2007). Specimens from NE India (Assam, Toungoo) appear to be misidentifications (MAHONY & ZUG 208). 
EtymologyNamed after the Karens, a hill tribe in Myanmar (Beolens et al. 2011). 
  • Annandale, Nelson 1905. Contributions to Oriental Herpetology. Suppl. II. Notes on the Oriental lizards in the Indian Museum, with a list of the species recorded from British India and Ceylon. J. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal (2) 1: 81-93 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Todd R. Jackman, Eli Greenbaum, Varad B. Giri, Anslem de Silva 2010. South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 343-352 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Giri, Varad B.; Bauer, Aaron M. 2008. A new ground-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Maharashtra, with a key to the Hemidactylus of India. Zootaxa 1700: 21-34 - get paper here
  • Mahony, S. & Zug, G.R. 2008. Hemidactylus karenorum (Squamata, Gekkonidae) in India. Hamadryad 32: 84–86 - get paper here
  • Mahony, Stephen 2009. A New Species of Gecko of the Genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Andhra Pradesh, India. Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (1): 27-34 - get paper here
  • McMahan, C.D. & Zug, G.R. 2007. Burmese Hemidactylus (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonidae): geographic variation in the morphology of Hemidactylus bowringii in Myanmar and Yunnan, China. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 58 (23-30): 485-509
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Theobald, William 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Birma, embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasserim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 10: 4-67. - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R., Vindum, J.V. & Koo, M.S. 2007. Burmese Hemidactylus (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonidae): taxonomic notes in tropical Asian Hemidactylus. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 58: 387–405
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