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Hemitheconyx caudicinctus (DUMÉRIL, 1851)

IUCN Red List - Hemitheconyx caudicinctus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaEublepharidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Fat-tail Gecko
G: (West-) Afrikanischer Krallengecko 
SynonymStenodactylus caudi-cinctus DUMÉRIL 1851
Psilodactylus caudicinctus — GRAY 1864: 383
Psilodactylus caudicinctus — BOULENGER 1885: 230
Hemitheconyx caudicinctus — STEJNEGER 1893: 163
Psilodactylus caudicinctus — WERNER 1897
Hemitheconyx caudicinctus — WERMUTH 1965: 90
Hemitheconyx caudicinctus — KLUGE 1993
Hemitheconyx caudicinctus — RÖSLER 1995: 66
Hemitheconyx caudicinctus — SEUFER et al. 2005
Hemitheconyx caudicinctus — RÖSLER 2018: 47 
DistributionCameroon, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo, Mali, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, Ghana ?, Liberia ?, Guinea (Conakry), Sierra Leone ?

Type locality: Senegal.  
Reproductionoviparous. Exhibits temperature‐dependent sex determination (TSD) fide Cornejo-Páramo et al. 2020 (and references therein). 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 6771 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Digits free, short, stout, cylindrical, not dilated, tips pointed, covered above with scales, not denticulate laterally, below granular, clawed, the claws partially retractile between three scales.
Pupil vertical; upper and lower eyelids well developed, connivent; dorsal lepidosis of small, unequal, flat, juxtaposed granules or scales and larger tubercles; tail swollen, not depressed, constricted anteriorly, tapering posteriorly, covered above with small, juxtaposed, flat scales and rows of enlarged, flattish or obtusely keeled tubercles arranged in regular longitudinal and transverse series, below by smooth juxtaposed scales. Males with preanal or preano-femoral pores. [Loveridge 1947: 24]

Diagnosis (caudicinctus): Snout subtriangular; temporal scales larger than occipital; lower labials 9-11; 2-3 greatly enlarged postmentals surrounded by irregularlly enlarged chin shields; dorsal tubercles surrounded by flat scales; males with 10-13 preano-femoral pores; range: Nigeria west to Senegal [from key in Loveridge 1947: 25]. 
CommentType species: Stenodactylus caudi-cinctus DUMÉRIL 1851 is the type species of the genus Hemitheconyx STEJNEGER 1893: 163 (a nomen novum pro Psilodactylus GRAY 1864 non Psilodactylus OKEN 1816, a mammal). 
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  • Böhme, W. 1985. Zoogeographical patterns of the lizard fauna of the African subsaharan savanna belt, with preliminary description of a new chameleon. In: Schuchmann, Karl-L. (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the International Symposium on African Vertebrates. Systematics, Phylogeny and Evolutionary Ecology. - Museum A. Koenig (Bonn), Vol. 4: 471-478.
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  • Chirio, L. 2009. Inventaire des reptiles de la région de la Réserve de Biosphère Transfrontalière du W (Niger/Bénin/Burkina Faso: Afrique de l’Ouest). [Herpetological survey of the W Transfrontier Biosphere Reserve area (Niger/Benin/Burkina Faso: West Africa]. Bull. Soc. Herp. France (132): 13-41 - get paper here
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