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Heosemys depressa (ANDERSON, 1875)

IUCN Red List - Heosemys depressa - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Arakan Forest Turtle
G: Flache Erdschildkröte 
SynonymGeoemyda depressa ANDERSON 1875
Geoemyda arakana THEOBALD 1876
Heosemys depressa — PRITCHARD 1979
Geoemyda depressa — IVERSON & MCCORD 1997
Heosemys depressa — TTWG 2014
Heosemys depressa — DAS & DAS 2017
Heosemys depressa — TTWG 2021 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma) (hills in Arakan), Bangladesh

Type locality: "Arakan," Myanmar (= Burma); restricted to "Akyab, near Arakan," Myanmar (= Burma), by Smith 1931:95.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH, according to Iverson 1986:37; ZSI 751 (syntype) 
CommentThis is one of the most endangered turtle species according to a 2003 assessment by the IUCN. 
  • Anderson, J. 1875. Description of some new Asiatic mammals and Chelonia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 16: 282-285. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Iverson, J.B. 1986. A Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World. Paust Printing, Richmond, Indiana. viii + 282 pp.
  • Iverson, John B.;McCord, William P. 1997. Redescription of the Arakan Forest Turtle Geoemyda depressa Anderson 1875 (Testudines: Bataguridae). Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2 (3): 384-389
  • Kunz, K. 2009. Flache Erdschildkröte wiederentdeckt. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (79): 8 - get paper here
  • Meier, E. 2004. Das Internationale Zentrum für Schildkrötenschutz (IZS) füllt sich mit Leben. Elaphe 12 (2): 60-64
  • Platt, S. G., S. A. Min, W. K. Ko and T. R. Rainwater. 2003. A record of the Arakan forest turtle Heosemys depressa (Anderson, 1875) from the southern Arakan Yoma Hills, Myanmar. Hamadryad 27 (2):273-276
  • Platt, Steven G., Win ko Ko, Kalyar Platt, Khin Myo Myo, Me Me Soe and Thomas R. Rainwater. 2012. Species inventory and conservation status of chelonians in Natma Taung National Park, Myanmar. Hamadryad 36 (1): 1-11
  • Platt, Steven G.; Kalyar Platt, Lay Lay Khaing, Thin Thin Yu, Me Me Soe, San San Nwe, Thet Zaw Naing, and Thomas R. Rainwater 2014. Heosemys depressa in the Southern Chin Hills of Myanmar: A Significant Range Extension and Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2014, Vol. 13, No. 2: 252-256. - get paper here
  • PURKAYASTHA, J., DAS, I., SENGUPTA, S. 2015. Freshwater Turtles & Tortoises of South Asia. Bhabani Books, 138 pp. - get paper here
  • Rahman, Shahriar Caesar; Sheikh M.A. Rashid, Rupa Datta, Passing Mro, and Chirag J. Roy 2015. Status, Exploitation, and Conservation of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2015, Vol. 14, No. 2: 130-135. - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2004. Asiatische Sumpfschildkröten - Die Familie Geoemydidae in Südostasien, China und Japan. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith, Malcolm A. 1931. The Fauna of British India Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia Volume I.—Loricata, Testudines. Taylor and Francis, London, 185 pp. - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Wyrich, Luke, Robert HIll and Brad Lock. 2015. Captive husbandry of the Arakan Forest turtle (Heosemys depressa) and its implications for conservation. Herpetological Review 46 (1): 49-54 - get paper here
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