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Hypsilurus auritus (MEYER, 1874)

IUCN Red List - Hypsilurus auritus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymGonyocephalus (Hypsilurus) auritus MEYER 1874: 130
Gonyocephalus (Arua) auritus — PETERS & DORIA 1878: 382
Gonyocephalus auritus — BOULENGER 1885: 295
Gonyocephalus auritus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 115
Goniocephalus auritus — LOVERIDGE 1948: 316
Gonocephalus auritus — WERMUTH 1967: 56
Hypsilurus auritus — BARTS & WILMS 2003 
DistributionNew Guinea, West Papua Province, Indonesia: Yapen, Misol (ZSM), Salawatti and Batanta Islands as well as mainly coastal areas of the main island; Papua New Guinea: Bogadjim in Astrolabe Bay, Madang Province; Eastern and Western Highlands (MCZ) and Chimbu Province (MCZ); West Sepik Province (BPBM).

Type locality: Ansur, Jobi (Yapen), Neu-Guinea.  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 8782 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Medium–sized slender, long–tailed species with homogeneous dorsal scalation and continuous or discontinuous vertebral crest. Sides of the neck with a large oval dark marking bordered by enlarged scales; no additional enlarged scales below the tympanum; no row of enlarged submaxillaries; upper part of the anterior edge of the gular pouch with or without enlarged scales.H. auritus differs from geelvinkianus, bruijnii, modestus and nigrigularis by the presence of a dark spot on either side of the neck (vs. absent); additionally from geelvinkianus by a well developed dorsal crest (vs. rudimentary); modestus and bruijnii by a large gular pouch with acute base on the chest (vs. small with rounded base near the clavicular region) additionally from modestus by narrowly spaced scales on the nuchal crest (vs. widely separated) and the presence of a dorsal crest (vs. absent), from bruijnii by the absence of a row of enlarged submaxillaries (vs. present) and from nigrigularis by small homogeneous, nearly granular anterior scales on the gular pouch (vs. larger, slightly heterogeneous elongated and broader scales); boydii, spinipes and dilophus by a homogeneous dorsal scalation and a longer tail, TL/SVL > 2.8 (vs. < 2.3); all other species by the absence of a row of enlarged submaxillaries (vs. present) (Manthey & Denzer 2006: 7). 
EtymologyApparently named after the large tympanum or ear opening, from Latin auris = ear. 
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1948. New Guinean reptiles and amphibians in the Museum of Comparative Zoology and United States National Museum. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 101 (2): 305-430. - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Denzer, W. 2006. A revision of the Melanesian-Australian angle head lizards of the genus Hypsilurus (Sauria: Agamidae: Amphibolurinae), with description of four new species and one new subspecies. Hamadryad 30 (1-2): 1 – 40 - get paper here
  • MANTHEY, U. & W. DENZER 2016. Melanesian anglehead lizards of the genus Hypsilurus Peters, 1867 – Part 1: Species from New Guinea. Sauria 38 (3): 11 - 36 - get paper here
  • Meyer, A.B. 1874. Eine Mittheilung von Hern. Dr. Adolf Berhard Meyer über die von ihm auf Neu-Guinea und den Inseln Jobi, Mysore und Mafoor im Jahre 1873 gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1874: 128-140 [also published as a separate print with pages 1-17 with a different title in which “Hern. Dr. Adolf Berhard Meyer über die von ihm” is replaced by “mir”] - get paper here
  • Schuster 1981. In: BANKS & MARTIN: Proceedings of the Melbourne Herpetological Symposium. Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens, Australia, 19-21 May 1980: 18
  • Tallowin, Oliver J S; Shai Meiri, Stephen C Donnellan, Stephen J Richards, Christopher C Austin, Paul M Oliver, 2019. The other side of the Sahulian coin: biogeography and evolution of Melanesian forest dragons (Agamidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 99-113. - get paper here
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