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Iphisa elegans GRAY, 1851

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Iphisini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesIphisa elegans elegans GRAY 1851
Iphisa elegans soinii DIXON 1974 
Common NamesE: Glossy Shade Lizard
Portuguese: Briba, Calango, Calango-Cobra, Lagartinho-de-Folhiço, Lagartixa, Lagarto-da-Terra, Lagarto-de-Folhiço 
SynonymIphisa elegans GRAY 1851: 39
Iphisa elegans GRAY 1852: 449
Iphisa elegans — BOULENGER 1885: 424
Iphisa elegans — PETERS et al. 1970: 150
Iphisa elegans — DUELLMAN 1978: 215
Iphisa elegans — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Iphisa elegans — CASTOE et al. 2004
Iphisa elegans elegans — RIBEIRO-JUNIOR & AMARAL 2016
Iphisa elegans — DIAGO-TORO et al. 2021

Iphisa elegans soinii DIXON 1974
Iphisa elegans soinii — RIBEIRO-JUNIOR & AMARAL 2016 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Acre, Amapa, Para, Rondonia, Mato Grosso),
Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, SE Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz)

Type locality: Pará, Brazil.

soinii: Peru and Bolivia; Type locality: Nuevo Tocache, Departmento San Martin, Peru, 650 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.9.1.1
Holotype: USNM 193623 [soinii] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A relatively small microteiid (maximum snout-vent length 62 mm) with a dorsoventrally compressed body; all scales smooth; dorsal and ventral scales composed of two longitudinal rows each; lateral scales much smaller than dorsals and ventrals,each side composedof three to five longitudinal rows of scales, usually four ( 90%); femoral and preanal pores present in males, frequently indicated in females; inner finger vestigial, claw present but not visible; lower eyelid with transparent window; tympanum exposed [DIXON 1974].

Diagnosis (soinii): Identical elegans in all characters except absence of prefrontals and higher average number (25.0) offemoral-preanalpores,rather than 19.3. 
CommentType species: Iphisa elegans GRAY 1851 is the type species of the genus Iphisa GRAY 1851.

I. elegans most likely consists cryptic species (Nunes et al. 2012).

Taxonomy: The name Iphisiini was proposed to include Acratosaura, Alexandresaurus, Colobosaura, Iphisa, and Stenolepis (Rodrigues et al. 2009b), following the splitting of the Heterodactylini (sensu Pellegrino et al. 2001). Iphisiini (Rodrigues et al. 2009b) was published without a statement in words of the characters that purported to differentiate the taxon, i.e. a diagnosis (Article 13.1.1), nor reference to such a publication (Article 13.1.2). Colli et al. 2015 defined the tribe Iphisini to include Acratosaura, Alexandresaurus, Colobosaura, Iphisa, Rondonops, Stenolepis. 
EtymologyThe name Iphisiini was incorrectly formed according to Article 29.1. The correct form is Iphisini, because the stem of Iphisa is Iphis-, a name attributed to several individuals in Greek mythology; one of the most popular, according to Ovid's Metamorphoses, was the daughter of Telethusa and Ligdus: raised by her mother as a man to conceal her gender from her father, Iphis was later transformed into a man by the goddess Isis and married Ianthe (More 1922). Authorship of Iphisini should be credited to Gray (1851), who described and diagnosed Iphisadae as a family, when describing the genus Iphisa. However, Iphisadae is incorrectly formed and must be corrected to Iphisidae (Article 32.5.3), because the spelling Iphisadae is not in prevailing usage (Article 29.5). Therefore, the correct family-group for the tribe is Iphisini Gray 1851 (fide Colli et al. 2015). 
  • Andrade, Sheila Pereira de; Danusy Lopes Santos, Ricardo Alexandre Kawashita-Ribeiro and Wilian Vaz-Silva. 2013. New records and updated distribution map of Iphisa elegans Gray, 1851 (Reptilia, Gymnophthalmidae). Herpetology Notes 6: 395-400.
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