Kaestlea bilineata (GRAY, 1846)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Kaestlea bilineata?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Two-lined Ground Skink|
|Synonym||Mocoa bilineata GRAY 1846: 430|
Eumeces bilineatus — GÜNTHER 1864
Lygosoma bilineatum — BOULENGER 1887: 259
Leiolopisma bilineatum — SMITH 1935: 306
Scincella bilineata — GREER 1974
Scincella bilineatum — DAS 1996: 48
Kaestlea bilineata — EREMCHENKO & DAS 2004
|Distribution||India (Nilgiri Hills, Travancore Hills, Kerala)|
Type locality: “Madras”, at present Chennai, Tamil Nadu, SE India (13° 5’ N, 80° 17’ E); restricted to “Summit of the Nilgiris” by EREMCHENKO & DAS 2004.
|Types||Lectotype: BMNH 1922.214.171.124, designated by Eremchenko & Das (2004)|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis (genus): A member of Sphenomorphus group of lygosomine scincids and a derived member of the variegatus species-group (sensu Greer, 1974; 1979) showing similarities to the primarily Asian Scincella-like and Ablepharus-like species groups (genera: Asymblepharus and Scincella [sensu Eremchenko, 1987]), but differing from them in having the following combination of characters: A). Group II alpha palate (sensu Greer, 1974); lower eyelid with a clear window; nuchals and Group I temporal scales (Greer, 1974); two frontoparietals, or frontoparietal single; prefrontals small and separated; tympanum slightly or deeply sunk; limbs well-developed; scales around midbody 20-30; and middle neck and dorsum 26-41; four enlarged preanals, central pair larger than lateral pair. B). premaxillary teeth nine; pterygoid teeth rudimentary, 0-5; postorbitals present, elongated, thin; greater part of dorsal surface of digits with 1-2 rows of scales (Fig. 2) sharing characters with Group I and III (sensu Brongersma, 1942: Fig. 1b-d) fifth and sixth supralabial in midorbital position; size small, SVL to 62.0 mm; tail bright blue [EREMCHENKO & DAS 2004].|
Diagnosis (species as Scincella bilineata). A Scincella with a somewhat elongated body and small limbs. The toes are short with a small number of subdigital lamellae: 9-11 under the fourth finger, 15-18 under the fourth toe. A small number o f scales above the eye: six supraciliars, 7-9 ciliars. Four preanals are enlarged (the central pair more than the lateral pair). The light dorsolateral stripe is absent or hardly visible (Ouboter 1986: 39).
|Comment||Synonymy mostly that of OUBOTER (1986).|
Type Species: Mocoa bilineata GRAY 1846 is the type species of the genus Kaestlea EREMCHENKO & DAS 2004.
|Etymology||The name of the new genus honours Professor Werner Kästle (1926-2019), German herpetologist, co-editor of the volume ‘Amphibians and reptiles of Nepal.’ (2002), among many other publications. For a brief biography see Kabisch 2019.|
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