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Kinixys natalensis HEWITT, 1935

IUCN Red List - Kinixys natalensis - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Natal Hingeback Tortoise 
SynonymKinixys natalensis HEWITT 1935: 353
Kinixys natalensis — BROADLEY 1981
Kinixys belliana natalensis — OBST 1986
Kinixys natalensis — KING & BURKE 1989
Kinixys natalensis — VALVERDE 2005
Kinixys natalensis — TTWG 2014 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (W Zululand to Greytown, Natal)

Type locality: "Tugela River valley. . .Tugela River. . . Dimane stream near Jameson Drift," Natal Prov., Republic of South Africa.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesLectotype: PEM (formerly AMG, no catalog number), designated by Broadley 1981 (fide KING & BURKE 1989). Paralectotype: PEM (formerly AMG 6975A). Paratype: DNMNH (= TM) 16031 (lost). 
Diagnosis 
CommentListed as a synonym of Kinixys belliana belliana by WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 70.

Distribution: not in S Mozambique, Swaziland, Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire); endemic to South Africa (WR Branch, pers., comm., 12 Nov 2010). See map in Kindler et al. 2012 (supplement). 
References
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bourquin, O. 2004. Reptiles (Reptilia) in KwaZulu-Natal: I - diversity and distribution. Durban Museum Novitates 29: 57-103
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D.G. 1981. A review of the populations of Kinixys (Testudinidae) occurring in south-eastern Africa. Annals of the Cape Provincial Museum of Natural History 13: 195-215
  • Broadley, D.G. 1993. A review of the southern African species of Kinixys Bell (Reptilia: Testudinidae). Annals Transvaal Museum 36 (6): 41-52 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1997. Osteological characters of the shell and humerus in hinged tortoises of the African genus Kinixys. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2 (4): 526-531
  • Broadley,D.G. 1992. The Savannah species of Kinixys (Testudinidae). J. Herp. Assoc. Africa 40: 12-13 - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Haagner, G. V. 1992. The Natal hinged tortoise Kinixys natalensis: a new record for the Kruger National Park. Koedoe 35 (1): 129 - get paper here
  • Haagner, G. V.;Bourquin, O. 1997. Geographic distribution. Kinixys natalensis. African Herp News (26): 32 - get paper here
  • Harvan, Marek. 2007. The genus Kinixys. Radiata 16(4):11-27
  • Hewitt, J. 1935. Some new forms of batrachians and reptiles from South Africa. Rec. Albany Mus. 4: 283-357
  • Hughes, B. 1986. Longevity Records of African Captive Amphibians and Reptiles: Part 1: Introduction and Species List 1 - Amphibians and Chelonians. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (32): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Kindler, Carolin; William R. Branch, Margaretha D. Hofmeyr, Jérôme Maran, Pavel Sˇiroky ́, Miguel Vences, James Harvey, J. Susanne Hauswaldt, Alfred Schleicher, Heiko Stuckas and Uwe Fritz 2012. Molecular phylogeny of African hinge-back tortoises (Kinixys): implications for phylogeography and taxonomy (Testudines: Testudinidae). J Zool Syst Evol Res - get paper here
  • Mashinini, P.L.; Mahlangu, L.M. 2014. An annotated catalogue of the types of chelonians (Reptilia: Testudines) in the Herpetology collection of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History, South Africa. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 4: - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2005. African Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (43): 12-20 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2005. Afrikanische Landschildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (56): 18-25 - get paper here
 
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