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Kinyongia mulyai TILBURY & TOLLEY, 2015

IUCN Red List - Kinyongia mulyai - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymKinyongia mulyai TILBURY & TOLLEY 2015
Kinyongia adolfifriderici — TILBURY 2010
Kinyongia mulyai — CONRADIE et al. 2019 
DistributionDemocratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire, Katanga)

Type locality: path side vegetation at 1700metre a.s.l., Mount Nzawa, Moba District, Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo (6° 51.07’ S; 29° 35.87’ E).  
TypesHolotype: PEM R19199 (CT 426—Fig. 11), a sub-adult male with partially everted hemipenes, collected by Colin Tilbury and Isak Hattingh on 21st March 2010. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Within the genera Kinyongia and Trioceros, the ontogenetic development of body crests and rostral process’s—whilst not developed to the same degree as seen in adults—is still evident in sub-adult specimens, and can be reliably used to determine the presence or absence of these characters. Although Kinyongia mulyai sp. nov. is known from only one sub-adult specimen, it is likely that the morphological characters are sufficiently well developed to provide reliable criteria on which to base a morphological determination. Kinyongia mulyai sp. nov. is distinguishable from the closely-related species K. adolfifriderici, K. gyrolepis (Greenbaum et al. 2012) and K. excubitor (Barbour 1911) by the absence of a dorsal crest in the male. It is also distinguished from K. adolfifriderici by having a narrower and more elongate head (Fig. 10), with a head length/inter-orbital width ratio of 4 (versus 3 for K. adolfifriderici), and from both K. gyrolepis and K. adolfifriderici by having a higher number of upper labial scales (17 vs. a maximum of 15 and 14 respectively; Greenbaum et al. 2012). Distinguished from all the other Kinyongia congeners by the absence of any form of naso-rostral ornamentation in males.
CommentHabitat. The Holotype was collected in closed canopy Afrotemperate montane forest at 1800 metres a.s.l. from path side vegetation, perched at approximately 2.5 metres from the ground. One other chameleon (not collected) was observed occupying a sleeping perch on an exposed liana vine over 20 metres above the ground.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed for Mr. Jules Mulya, whose energetic support and assistance with smoothing away mountains of obstacles to the progress of the Mt. Nzawa expedition led to the discovery of both new species. 
  • CONRADIE, WERNER; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, & GILLIAN WATSON 2019. Type specimens in the Port Elizabeth Museum, South Africa, including the historically important Albany Museum collection. Part 2: Reptiles (Squamata). Zootaxa 4576 (1): 001–045 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • TILBURY, COLIN R. & KRYSTAL A. TOLLEY 2015. Contributions to the herpetofauna of the Albertine Rift: Two new species of chameleon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae) from an isolated montane forest, south eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Zootaxa 3905 (3): 345–364 - get paper here
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