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Leiocephalus inaguae COCHRAN, 1931

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Higher TaxaLeiocephalidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Inagua Curlytail Lizard 
SynonymLeiocephalus inaguae COCHRAN 1931: 39
Leiocephalus inaguae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 431
Leiocephalus inaguae— PREGILL 1992: 44 
DistributionBahamas, Great Inagua I

Type locality: Man of War Bay, Great Inagua Island, Bahama Islands.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 81277. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 90 mm, in females to 74 mm); sexual dichromatism pronounced, and males with a pair of enlarged postanals; lateral fold present, with smaller scales in fold; dorsals imbricate, keeled; ventrals smooth, imbricate, weakly cuspidate, 2-4 cusps often limited to central portion of scale edge; median dorsal crest scales enlarged, strongly overlapping, slightly lower than median dorsal caudal scales, 65-77 in occiput-vent distance; one-half midbody scales 27-35; supraoculars 6-9 (mode 7); loreals 3-8; temporals 10-14; supraorbital semicircles usually complete; parietals usually in contact; median head scales 4-9 (mode 4); frontoparietals 3-5 (mode 4); prefrontal and frontoparietal rows usually complete; no median posterior azygous scale between second pair of median head scales. Dorsum (males) tan with a series of about 10 darker, brownish, transverse rectangles or dumbbells between nape and sacrum, their lateral ends abutting against vague and yellowish dorsolateral stripes; sides with a series of brownish squares, corresponding precisely to dorsal dumbbells, each square with a brown bar with brick red and silvery scales admixed, extending onto creamy abdomen; anteriorly, lateral squares velvety black rather than brown; dorsal dumbbells continue onto tail, finally becoming chevrons; limbs tan to brownish, forelimbs regularly paler than hindlimbs, both heavily dotted or flecked with cream; groin reddish; throat pattern a pair of dark brown diagonal lines not joining in gular midline, followed by about 4 dark brown, longitudinal lines on dark brown ground, interline spaces much flecked and dotted with cream; dorsum (females) like males with a series of darker brown dumbbells between yellowish dorsolateral stripes, sides with a series of brown squares matching ends of dumbbells, lateral folds with a series of cream ovals for entire length, ventrolateral bars continue onto tan to gray abdomen, throat pattern as in males but more indistinct with lines very fragmented on tannish, dark gray, or brownish ground, irregularly striate with creamy or whitish streaks (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 431). 
CommentFor illustrations see Klingel, 1940. 
  • Cochran, D. M. 1931. New Bahaman reptiles. J. Washington Acad. Sci. Sci. 21: 39-40. - get paper here
  • Klingel,G.C. 1940. The Ocean Island (Inagua). Dodd, Mead Co., NY: xii + 385 pp.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; MARCOS J. RODRÍGUEZ BOBADILLA, S. BLAIR HEDGES 2016. A new dune-dwelling lizard of the genus Leiocephalus (Iguania, Leiocephalidae) from the Dominican Republic. Zootaxa 4121 (5): 517–532 - get paper here
  • Pregill,G.K. 1992. Systematics of the West Indian Lizard Genus Leiocephalus (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae). Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84: 1-69 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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