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Leiocephalus onaneyi GARRIDO, 1973

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Higher TaxaLeiocephalidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Guantanamo Striped Curlytail, Guantánamo Striped Curly-tailed Lizard, Sierra Curlytail Lizard 
SynonymLeiocephalus onaneyi GARRIDO 1973: 4
Leiocephalus onaneyi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 439
Leiocephalus onaneyi — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 152
Leiocephalus onaneyi — POWELL et al. 2017 
DistributionCuba (Oriente/Guantanamo Province)

Type locality: The top of Loma de Mocambo, between San Antonio del Sur and Imias, Guantánamo Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: CZACC (= IZAC = IZ) 2869, adult female, collected by Onaney Muñiz on 8 June 1970 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS. Leiocephalus onaneyi can be distinguished from all Cuban congeners by the strongly lineate dorsum, an unmarked white or gray throat, and an immaculate white venter (Garrido 1973; Schwartz and Henderson 1985). The dorsum of Leiocephalus carinatus is rather uniform or bears vague crossbars or large, black lateral blotches. Leiocephalus cubensis has a weakly lineate dorsum but a throat with a variable pattern of lines, dashes, dots, or mottling. In Leiocephalus stictigaster, the venter in males usually bears dark dots, the throat is more or less lineate, and dorsal and lateral fields are spotted with black. Leiocephalus macropus has supraaxillary blotches and a transverse bar across the shoulders above the forelimb insertions. In Leiocephalus raviceps, the dorsum is pale with grayish herringbone markings or fine dots. 
CommentFor illustrations see Garrido, 1973.

Abundance: only known from the general area of the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017) and within 50 km (Bakkegard et al. 2020). 
EtymologyNamed after Onaney Muñiz, a renowned Cuban botanist and collector of the type series. 
  • Bakkegard, Kristin A.; David A. Johnson, and Daniel G. Mulcahy 2020. A New Locality, Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, for the Rare Lizard Leiocephalus onaneyi (Guantánamo Striped Curlytail) and Notes on its Natural History. CARIBBEAN NATURALIST (79): 1–22
  • Garrido, O. H. 1973. Nueva especie de Leiocephalus (Lacertilia, Iguanidae) para Cuba. Poeyana 116:1-19.
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Powell, R., J. Torres, and O. H. Garrido 2017. Leiocephalus onaneyi. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (911): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Pregill,G.K. 1992. Systematics of the West Indian Lizard Genus Leiocephalus (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae). Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84: 1-69 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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