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Lepidophyma mayae BEZY, 1973

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma mayae - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesG: Maya-Nachtechse
E: Mayan Tropical Night Lizard
S: Escorpión Nocturno Maya. 
SynonymLepidophyma mayae BEZY 1973
Lepidophyma mayae — BEZY 1989
Lepidophyma mayae — KÖHLER 2000: 105
Lepidophyma mayae— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma mayae — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 208
Lepidophyma mayae — SOLIS et al. 2014 
DistributionHonduras, Guatemala, Belize, S Mexico

Type locality: Guatemala, Alta Verapaz, nr. Chinaja, 140 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: KU 59554 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from L. radula, L. tarascae, L. lineri, L. pajapanense, L. tuxtlae, L. chicoasense, L. lipetzi, and L. reticulatum in having 2 or fewer pretympanics; from L. dontomasi, L. gaigeae, L. radula, and L. tarascae in having 162 or more dorsals; from L. reticulatum, L. micropholis, and L. occulor in having 188 or fewer dorsals; from L. lowei, L. radula, L. smithii, L. tarascae, L. lineri, L. chicoasense, and L. occulor in having 33 or more lateral tubercle rows; from L. sylvaticum in having a wider median prefrontal (RMW2 greater than 1.6); and from L. flavimaculatum in having 33 or more lateral tubercle rows and two or fewer pretympanics (99.6% of all L. flavimaculatum, 100% of Guatemalan specimens (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002).
CommentNot listed for Belize by KÖHLER (2000).

Although Lepidophyma mayae can be distinguished from all L. flavimaculatum only by a combination of 2 characters (lateral tubercle rows and pretympanics), where the two species are found in sympatry each of the two characters is nonoverlapping, indicating reproductive isolation. 
EtymologyNamed after the Maya, the indigenous people of the region of the type locality. 
  • Aguilar-López JL, Luría-Manzano R, Pineda E, Canseco-Márquez L 2021. Selva Zoque, Mexico: an important Mesoamerican tropical region for reptile species diversity and conservation. ZooKeys 1054: 127-153 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy, R.L. 1973. A new species of the genus Lepidophyma (Reptilia: Xantusiidae) from Guatemala. Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) 239: 1-7. - get paper here
  • Bezy, R.L. 1989. Morphological differentiation in unisexual and bisexual xantusiid lizards of the genus Lepidophyma in Central America. Herpetological Monographs 3: 61-80 - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
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