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Leptotyphlops nigroterminus BROADLEY & WALLACH, 2007

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Leptotyphlopinae, Leptotyphlopini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Black-tip worm snake 
SynonymLeptotyphlops nigroterminus BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007: 40
Glauconia signata — STERNFELD 1910: 13 (part.)
Leptotyphlops conjuncta — VESEY-FITZGERALD 1958: 35
Leptotyphlops scutifrons — SPAWLS et al. 2001: 299 (part)
Leptotyphlops nigroterminus — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Leptotyphlops nigroterminus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 369
Leptotyphlops nigroterminus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 370 
DistributionSW Kenya, W Tanzania, 1000-1600 m elevation.

Type locality: Karema, eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika, Mpanda District, Rukwa Region, Tanzania (06°50’S, 30°50’E, elevation 950 m).  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 54813, a male from collected by C.J.P. Ionides, 7 July 1956. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Apart from its distinctive skull, with a rhombic postparietal bone and paired parietals (Plate 4, Fig. 2A in BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007), this unique form differs from all other African species in its light brown colouration with the distal portion of the tail black.
CommentHabitat: The habitat in western Tanzania is miombo woodland, but in the Masai Mara Reserve in Kenya the vegetation is a mosaic of evergreen bushland and secondary Acacia wooded grassland. 
EtymologyThe specific name is derived from the diagnostic black tail tip; from the Latin niger = black and terminus = tip. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A revision of the genus Leptotyphlops in northeastern Africa and southwestern Arabia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 1408: 1–78 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1910. Die Fauna der deutschen Kolonien: Die Schlangen Deutsch-Ostafrikas. Berlin, R. Friedländer & Sohn, (3)2, iv + 47 pp.
  • Vesey-Fitzgerald, D.F. 1958. The snakes of Northern Rhodesia and the Tanganyika borderlands. Proceedings & Transactions of the Rhodesia Scientific Association (Salisbury), 46: 17–102.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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