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Liolaemus lonquimayensis ESCOBAR-HUERTA, SANTIBÁÑEZ-TORO & ORTIZ, 2015

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLiolaemus lonquimayensis ESCOBAR-HUERTA, SANTIBÁÑEZ-TORO & ORTIZ 2015 
DistributionC Chile (Volcán Lonquimay)

Type locality: northern slopes of Volcán Lonquimay (38°23’16’’S, 71°37’42’’W; elevation 1777 m.  
TypesHolotype: MZUC 40365 (Museo de Zoología de la Universidad de Concepción, Chile), adult male collected on 6 February 2013 by G. Escobar, J. Santibáñez, X. Fuentealba and F. Escobar. Allotype: MZUC-40366, adult female. Same collection data as the holotype. Paratypes: MZUC- 40367, adult female; MZUC-40368 juvenile female. Same collection data as the holotype (Fig. 3). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Liolaemus lonquimayensis sp. nov. is a member of the elongatus group, characterized by moderate body size; body elongated but robust. Scales small, subimbricate and not ending in a spine. Tail ringed, tending to circular in transverse section, length reaching 1.5 times SVL. Absence of sexual dimorphism and dichromatism. Wide dark band in the inferior flanks from the axilla to the ingle, absent or similar to the wide vertebral band. Abdominal melanism infrequent (some species have ventral scales of a tenuous gray color). Gular folds absent (some species have hemigular folds). The species is found in riparian and saxicolous habitats (Espinoza et al. 2000; Cei and Videla 2003). L. lonquimayensis and L. thermarum is distinguished from almost all species of the elongatus clade by the total absence of precloacal pores in males. (i. e., L. chillanensis, and L. elongatus).
CommentSympatry: L. cristiani.

Distribution: not listed by Ruiz de Gamboa 2016 for Chile

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific name lonquimayensis refers to the Lonquimay volcano, the type locality of this Andean species. 
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • ESCOBAR-HUERTA, GUSTAVO; JESSICA SANTIBÁÑEZ TORO & JUAN CARLOS ORTIZ 2015. Liolaemus lonquimayensis (Squamata: Liolaemidae), a new lizard species for Chile without precloacal pores. Gayana 79 (1): 94-101 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios J, Diaz HA, Puas GI, Riveros-Riffo E, Elorza AA 2016. Two new Liolaemus lizards from the Andean highlands of Southern Chile (Squamata, Iguania, Liolaemidae). ZooKeys 632: 121-146 - get paper here
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