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Liotyphlops trefauti FREIRE, CARAMASCHI, SUZART ARGOLO, 2007

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Higher TaxaAnomalepididae, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesPortuguese: Cobra-Cega, Minhoca 
SynonymLiotyphlops trefauti FREIRE, CARAMASCHI, SUZART ARGOLO 2007
Liotyphlops trefauti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 398
Liotyphlops trefauti — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionNE Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Pernambuco), 50-640 m elevation

Type locality: Fazenda Bananeira, Municipality of Murici (9°14’S, 35°48’W, 640 m elevation), State of Alagoas, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 12178, male, on 04 November 1994 by E. M. X. Freire. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Liotyphlops trefauti sp. nov. is distinguished from all other species of the genus by the following combinations of characters: (1) four scales contacting the posterior edge of prefrontal; (2) one scale contacting the posterior edge of nasal, between the second supralabial and the prefrontal; (3) five scales in the
first vertical row of lateral head scales; (4) 22-22-22 scales around body; (5) 520–543 dorsal scales; (6) 499–532 ventral scales; (7) absence of eye spot; (8) dorsal and ventral color bright yellowish to reddish brown. 
EtymologyNamed after Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Brazilian herpetologist. 
  • Abegg, Arthur Diesel; Marco Antonio de Freitas, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2017. New records of Liotyphlops trefauti Freire, Caramaschi & Argôlo, 2007 (Squamata: Anomalepididae). Herpetology Notes 10: 345-347 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Dixon J R; Kofron C P 1984. The Central and South American anomalepid snakes of the genus Liotyphlops. Amphibia-Reptilia 4 (2-4): 241-264 [1983] - get paper here
  • Dubeux, M. J. M., Araújo Neto, J. V. D., Triburcio, I. C. S., Lisboa, B. S., Torquato, S., Freitas, M. A. D., ... & Mott, T. 2022. A “hotspot” within a hotspot: the reptiles of the Estação Ecológica and Área de Proteção Ambiental de Murici, Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 22: 1-14 - get paper here
  • FREIRE, E.M.X.; U. CARAMASCHI & A.J.S. ARGOLO 2007. A new species of Liotyphlops (Serpentes: Anomalepididae) from the Atlantic Rain Forest of Northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 1393: 19-26 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Marra-Santos, Fidélis Júnio and Roberto E. Reis 2018. Two New Blind Snake Species of the Genus Liotyphlops (Serpentes: Anomalepididae), from Central and South Brazil. Copeia 106 (3): 507-514 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Silva Haad, J.J., Franco, F.L. & Maldonado, J. 2008. Una nueva especie de Liotyphlops Peters, 1881 (Serpentes, Scolecophidia, Anomalepidae) del sur de la Amazonia Colombiana. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 295 - 300
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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