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Lissemys scutata (PETERS, 1868)

IUCN Red List - Lissemys scutata - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaTrionychidae (Cyclanorbinae), Trionychoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Burmese Flap-shelled Turtle
G: Hinterindische Klappen-Weichschildkröte 
SynonymEmyda scutata PETERS 1868
Emyda fuscomaculata GRAY 1873: 308
Emyda granosa scutata — ANNANDALE 1912
Lissemys punctata scutata — SMITH 1931
Lissemys scutata — ALDERTON 1988
Lissemys scutata — KUCHLING 1995
Lissemys scutata — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2003
Lissemys scutata — TTWG 2014
Lyssemys scutata — CORDERO 2017 (in error)
Lissemys scutata — TTWG 2021 
DistributionThailand, Myanmar (= Burma; west as far as the vicinities of Bassein and Chauk in the Ayeyarwady River system; north as far as the vicinity of Bhamo; east to the northern Salween River system; south to the vicinities of Yangon, Pegu and Moulmein, where the Ayeyarwady and Salween Rivers drain in the Gulf of Martaban).

Type locality: Pegú (Birma = Myanmar)  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 6029 (Emyda scutata PETERS 1868) 
CommentHabitat: freshwater (rivers and tributaries, lakes) 
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Cordero, Gerardo A. 2017. Quick guide: The turtle’s shell. Biology 27: R163–R171 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1873. Observations on chelonians, with descriptions of new genera and species. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 11: 289-308 - get paper here
  • Kuchling, Gerald 1995. Turtles at a market in western Yunnan: Possible range extensions for some southern Asiatic chelonians in China and Myanmar. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 1 (3): 223-226
  • Lacépède, B. G. E. 1788. Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupe des Ovipares et des Serpens. Vol.1. Imprimerie du Roi, Hôtel de Thou, Paris, xvii + 651 pp. - get paper here
  • Li, H., Liu, J., Xiong, L., Zhang, H., Zhou, H., Yin, H., Jing, W., Li, J., Shi, Q., Wang, Y., Liu, J. and Nie, L. 2017. Phylogenetic relationships and divergence dates of softshell turtles (Testudines: Trionychidae) inferred from complete mitochondrial genomes. J. Evol. Biol., doi:10.1111/jeb.13070 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #6. Flapshell and Giant Asian Softshell Turtles. Reptilia (GB) (26): 59-64 - get paper here
  • Peters, W.C.H. 1868. Über eine neue Nagergattung, Chiropodomys penicullatus, sowie über einige neue oder weniger bekannte Amphibien und Fische. M. Ber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1868 : 448-461 - get paper here
  • Platt, S G; Haislip, N; Haislip, E E; McCaskill, L D & Rainwater, T R; 2019. Lissemys scutata (Burmese Flapshell Turtle) Nesting behavior. Herpetological Review 50 (1): 126-127 - get paper here
  • Platt, Steven G.; Tint Lwin, and Thomas R. Rainwater 2018. Behavioural observations of the Burmese flapshell turtle (Lissemys scutata) with comments on the functional significance of Rathke’s glands. Hamadryad 38 (1 & 2): 20-24 - get paper here
  • PRASCHAG, PETER; HEIKO STUCKAS, MARTIN PÄCKERT, JÉRÔME MARAN & UWE FRITZ 2011. Mitochondrial DNA sequences suggest a revised taxonomy of Asian flapshell turtles (Lissemys SMITH, 1931) and the validity of previously unrecognized taxa (Testudines: Trionychidae). Vertebrate Zoology 61 (1): 147 – 160 - get paper here
  • Prokop, H. & Hojay, L. 2007. Perspektiven bei der Haltung und Nachzucht der Birma-Klappenweichschildkröte (Lissemys scutata). Reptilia (Münster) 12 (68): 34-43 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Webb, R.G. 1982. Taxonomic notes concerning the trionychid turtle Lissemys punctata (Lacepede). Amphibia-Reptilia 3 (2-3): 179-184. - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. & Mulcahy, D.G. 2019. Identification guide Amphibians and reptiles of South Tanintharyi. Fauna & Flora International, 101 pp.
  • Zug, George R.;Win, Htun;Thin, Thin;Min, Than Zaw;Lhon, Win Zaw;Kyaw, Kyaw 1998. Herpetofauna of the Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary, north-central Myanmar with preliminary observations of their Natural History. Hamadryad 23 (2): 111-120 - get paper here
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