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Lophosaurus spinipes (DUMÉRIL, 1851)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Southern Forest Dragon, Southern Angle-Headed Dragon 
SynonymLophyrus spinipes DUMÉRIL in DUMÉRIL & DUMÉRIL 1851: 90
Gonyocephalus cristipes — LONGLEY 1943 (in error)
Gonyocephalus spinipes — BOULENGER 1885: 292 (?)
Gonyocephalus spinipes — FRY 1915: 88
Gonocephalus spinipes — COGGER 1983
Hypsilurus spinipes — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 71
Hypsilurus spinipes — COGGER 2000: 338
Hypsilurus spinipes — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 114
Gonocephalus spinipes — GREER 2006 (online)
Lophosaurus spinipes — DENZER & MANTHEY 2016 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland)

Type locality: Australia  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 2560 
DiagnosisDiagnosis.– Small, short tailed species with heterogeneous dorsal scalation and a discontinuous vertebral crest. No enlarged scales below the tympanum; no row of enlarged submaxillaries; anterior edge of the gular pouch with weakly enlarged scales.
H. spinipes differs from boydii by the absence of plates and conical scales below the tympanum (vs. present); dilophus by the form of nuchal and dorsal crest (triangular spiny scales vs. lanceolate); all other species by a heterogeneous dorsal scalation. 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Denzer, Wolfgang; Ulrich Manthey 2016. Remarks on the taxonomy and nomenclature of the genus Hypsilurus Peters, 1867 (Reptilia, Agamidae, Amphibolurinae). Zoosyst. Evol. 92 (1): 103–110; DOI: 10.3897/zse.92.7469 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C. & A. H. A. Duméril 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret, Paris, 224 pp.
  • Fry, D. B. 1915. Descriptions and notes on three lizards. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 27: 86-88 - get paper here
  • Longley, G. 1943. Notes on Goniocephalus cristipes. Proc. R. Zool. Soc. N. S. W. 1942-43: 30-31 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Denzer, W. 2006. A revision of the Melanesian-Australian angle head lizards of the genus Hypsilurus (Sauria: Agamidae: Amphibolurinae), with description of four new species and one new subspecies. Hamadryad 30 (1-2): 1 – 40
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Tallowin, Oliver J S; Shai Meiri, Stephen C Donnellan, Stephen J Richards, Christopher C Austin, Paul M Oliver, 2019. The other side of the Sahulian coin: biogeography and evolution of Melanesian forest dragons (Agamidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 99-113. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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