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Lophosaurus spinipes (DUMÉRIL, 1851)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Southern Forest Dragon, Southern Angle-Headed Dragon 
SynonymLophyrus spinipes DUMÉRIL in DUMÉRIL & DUMÉRIL 1851: 90
Gonyocephalus cristipes — LONGLEY 1943 (in error)
Gonyocephalus spinipes — BOULENGER 1885: 292 (?)
Gonyocephalus spinipes — FRY 1915: 88
Gonocephalus spinipes — COGGER 1983
Hypsilurus spinipes — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 71
Hypsilurus spinipes — COGGER 2000: 338
Hypsilurus spinipes — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 114
Gonocephalus spinipes — GREER 2006 (online)
Hypsilurus spinipes — MANTHEY & DENZER 2006> 24
Lophosaurus spinipes — DENZER & MANTHEY 2016
Lophosaurus spinipes — CHAPPLE et al. 2019: 86 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland)

Type locality: Australia  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 2560 
DiagnosisDiagnosis.– Small, short tailed species with heterogeneous dorsal scalation and a discontinuous vertebral crest. No enlarged scales below the tympanum; no row of enlarged submaxillaries; anterior edge of the gular pouch with weakly enlarged scales.
H. spinipes differs from boydii by the absence of plates and conical scales below the tympanum (vs. present); dilophus by the form of nuchal and dorsal crest (triangular spiny scales vs. lanceolate); all other species by a heterogeneous dorsal scalation (Manthey & Denzer 2006: 24). 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chapple, David G.; Reid Tingley, Nicola J. Mitchell, Stewart L. Macdonald, J. Scott Keogh, Glenn M. Shea, Philip Bowles, Neil A. Cox, John C. Z. Woinarski 2019. The Action Plan for Australian Lizards and Snakes 2017. CSIRO, 663 pp. DOI: 10.1071/9781486309474 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Denzer, Wolfgang; Ulrich Manthey 2016. Remarks on the taxonomy and nomenclature of the genus Hypsilurus Peters, 1867 (Reptilia, Agamidae, Amphibolurinae). Zoosyst. Evol. 92 (1): 103–110; DOI: 10.3897/zse.92.7469 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C. & A. H. A. Duméril 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret, Paris, 224 pp.
  • Fry, D. B. 1915. Descriptions and notes on three lizards. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 27: 86-88 - get paper here
  • Longley, G. 1943. Notes on Goniocephalus cristipes. Proc. R. Zool. Soc. N. S. W. 1942-43: 30-31 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Denzer, W. 2006. A revision of the Melanesian-Australian angle head lizards of the genus Hypsilurus (Sauria: Agamidae: Amphibolurinae), with description of four new species and one new subspecies. Hamadryad 30 (1-2): 1 – 40 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Tallowin, Oliver J S; Shai Meiri, Stephen C Donnellan, Stephen J Richards, Christopher C Austin, Paul M Oliver, 2019. The other side of the Sahulian coin: biogeography and evolution of Melanesian forest dragons (Agamidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 99-113. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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