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Lucasium stenodactylus (BOULENGER, 1896)

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Western sandplain gecko, Pale-snouted Ground Gecko, Crowned Gecko 
SynonymDiplodactylus polyophthalmus — GÜNTHER 1867 (partim)
Diplodactylus stenodactylus BOULENGER 1896: 232
Diplodactylus woodwardi FRY 1914: 175 (fide KLUGE 1963)
Diplodactylus stenodactylus — LOVERIDGE 1934: 309
Diplodactylus stenodactylus stenodactylus — UNDERWOOD 1954
Diplodactylus woodwardi — GLAUERT 1956: 55
Diplodactylus stenodactylus — GLAUERT 1956: 55
Diplodactylus stenodactylus — WERMUTH 1965: 25
Diplodactylus stenodactylus — PIANKA 1976
Turnerdactylus stenodactylus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1989
Diplodactylus stenodactylus — KLUGE 1993
Diplodactylus stenodactylus — COGGER 2000: 228
Lucasium stenodactylum — OLIVER et al. 2007
Lucasium stenodactylum — COGGER 2014: 314
Lucasium stenodactylus — SWAN et al 2017
Lucasium stenodactylus — EASTWOOD et al. 2020 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia,
Western Australia)

Type locality: Roebuck Bay, Northwest Australia.  
TypesHolotype: ZMUO K2001 (Diplodactylus stenodactylus Boulenger 1896) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A Lucasium distinguished from other members of the genus by rostral excluded from nostril, rostral crease present, terminal apical plates approximately the same width as digits, tail moderately long (TailL%SVL ~0.81), males and females with 2–5 precloacal pores and males with a single enlarged cloacal spur. Background colour light reddish brown, overlain by dark variegations, small pale spots tending to join together on forebody and pale vertebral stripe that forks strongly on the nape (Eastwood et al. 2020: 74).

DESCRIPTION: Eastwood et al. 2020: 74

COMPARISONS: Eastwood et al. 2020: 74 
CommentGroup: Diplodactylus stenodactylus group.

Distribution: for a map see Eastwood et al. 2020: 67 (Fig. 2). 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek “stenos” (= narrow) and “dactylos” (= toe).

While the specific epithet is sometimes spelt stenodactylum, the original combination (Diplodactylus stenodactylus) does not indicate whether the species name is a noun or adjective, and as dactylus can be a noun, it is required to be treated as a noun under the Code (Article 31.2.2). 
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1896. Descriptions of four new lizards from Roebuck Bay, N. W. Australia obtained by Dr. Dahl for the Christiania Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 18: 232—235 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Dittmer, D. E., Chapman, T. L. & Bidwell, J. R. 2020. In the shadow of an iconic inselberg: Uluru’s shadow influences climates and reptile assemblage structure at its base. J. Arid Environ. 181, 104179 (2020) - get paper here
  • Doughty, Paul; Hutchinson, M.N. 2008. A new species of Lucasium (Squamata: Diplodactylidae) from the southern deserts of Western Australia and South Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 25: 95-106 - get paper here
  • Eastwood, Jack A.; Paul Doughty, Mark N. Hutchinson and Mitzy Pepper 2020. Revision of Lucasium stenodactylus (Boulenger, 1896; Squamata: Diplodactylidae), with the resurrection of L. woodwardi (Fry, 1914) and the description of a new species from south-central Australia RECORDS OF THE WESTERN AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM 35: 063–086 - get paper here
  • Fry, D. B. 1914. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Western Australia. Rec. West. Austral. Mus. 1:174-210 - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1956. Geckonidae (Part II). Western Australian Naturalist 5 (3): 49-56 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1934. Australian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 77: 243-383 - get paper here
  • Oliver, Paul M.; Hutchinson, Mark N.; Cooper, Steven J.B. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships in the lizard genus Diplodactylus Gray and resurrection of Lucasium Wermuth (Gekkota, Diplodactylidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 55( 3):197-210 - get paper here
  • Pepper, Mitzy; Paul Doughty, J. Scott Keogh 2006. Molecular phylogeny and phylogeography of the Australian Diplodactylus stenodactylus (Gekkota; Reptilia) species-group based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes reveals an ancient split between Pilbara and non-Pilbara D. stenodactylus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41: 539–555 - get paper here
  • Pethon, P. 1969. List of type specimens of fishes, amphibians and reptiles in the Zoological Museum, University of Oslo. Rhizocrinus, Occasional Papers, Zoological Museum, University of Oslo, 1 (1): 1-17
  • Pianka, E. R.; Pianka, H. D. 1976. Comparative ecology of twelve species of nocturnal lizards (Gekkonidae) in the western Australian desert. Copeia 1976 (1): 125-142 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Underwood, Garth 1954. On the classifcation and evolution of geckos. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 124 (3): 469-492
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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